| Myrmica rupestris|
M. rupestris has been collected at relatively higher altitudes than Myrmica rugosa, between 2100 and 4100 m. Nests are built in soil, often under stones, in open deciduous and mixed forests, and places with steppe-like vegetation (Philip Ward, pers. comm.). Like M. rugosa, queens and males have been found in nests of M. rupestris from the end of May to the end of June, much earlier than in Euro-Siberian species. this species is host to the social parasite Myrmica nefaria.
Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - A member of the rugosa complex of the rugosa species group. It differs from most other members of this group, Myrmica rugosa, Myrmica aimonissabaudiae and Myrmica hecate, by the much coarser sculpture on its petiole and postpetiole; M. rupestris most resembles Myrmica foreliana, from which it differs by the lack of punctations on the surface of the head and alitrunk between rugae.
Keys including this Species
India, Nepal, Bhutan, NE Afghanistan.
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- debilior. Myrmica rugosa var. debilior Forel, 1902c: 228 (w.) INDIA. Senior synonym of rugososmythiesi: Forel, 1902c: 228. Junior synonym of rupestris: Radchenko & Elmes, 2001a: 245.
- rugososmythiesi. Myrmica rugosa var. rugososmythiesi Forel, 1902c: 228 (w.) INDIA. Junior synonym of debilior: Forel, 1902c: 228.
- rupestris. Myrmica smythiesii var. rupestris Forel, 1902c: 227 (w.) INDIA. Radchenko & Elmes, 2002: 44 (q.m.). Raised to species and senior synonym of debilior (and its junior synonym rugososmythiesi), everesti : Radchenko & Elmes, 2001a: 245. See also: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 246.
- everesti. Myrmica everesti Donisthorpe, 1929a: 445 (w.) TIBET. Junior synonym of rupestris: Radchenko & Elmes, 2001a: 245.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - name from the Latin word rupes = rock with the adjectival suffix estris = origin or habit, probably to indicate that it was found under a rock or in a rocky place.
- Bharti, H. 2012. Myrmica nefaria sp.n. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) – a new social parasite from Himalaya. Myrmecological News 16, 149-156.
- Forel, A. 1902c. Myrmicinae nouveaux de l'Inde et de Ceylan. Rev. Suisse Zool. 10: 165-249 (page 227, worker described)
- Radchenko, A. G.; Elmes, G.W. 2001b. A taxonomic revision of the ant genus Myrmica Latreille, 1804 from the Himalaya (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Entomol. Basil. 23: 237-276 (page 245, Raised to species and senior synonym of debilior (and its junior synonym rugososmythiesi) and everesti )
- Radchenko, A. G.; Elmes, G. W. 2002. First descriptions of the sexual forms of seven Himalayan Myrmica species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Vestn. Zool. 36(5): 35-46 (page 44, queen, male described)
- Radchenko, A.G. & Elmes, G.W. 2010. Myrmica ants of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3: 1-789.