Myrmica rupestris

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Myrmica rupestris
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Myrmicini
Genus: Myrmica
Species: M. rupestris
Binomial name
Myrmica rupestris
Forel, 1902

Myrmica rupestris P casent0907659.jpg

Myrmica rupestris D casent0907659.jpg

Specimen Label

Synonyms

M. rupestris has been collected at relatively higher altitudes than Myrmica rugosa, between 2100 and 4100 m. Nests are built in soil, often under stones, in open deciduous and mixed forests, and places with steppe-like vegetation (Philip Ward, pers. comm.). Like M. rugosa, queens and males have been found in nests of M. rupestris from the end of May to the end of June, much earlier than in Euro-Siberian species. this species is host to the social parasite Myrmica nefaria.

Identification

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - A member of the rugosa complex of the rugosa species group. It differs from most other members of this group, Myrmica rugosa, Myrmica aimonissabaudiae and Myrmica hecate, by the much coarser sculpture on its petiole and postpetiole; M. rupestris most resembles Myrmica foreliana, from which it differs by the lack of punctations on the surface of the head and alitrunk between rugae.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

India, Nepal, Bhutan, NE Afghanistan.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: Bhutan, India (type locality), Nepal.
Palaearctic Region: Afghanistan, China.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • debilior. Myrmica rugosa var. debilior Forel, 1902c: 228 (w.) INDIA. Senior synonym of rugososmythiesi: Forel, 1902c: 228. Junior synonym of rupestris: Radchenko & Elmes, 2001a: 245.
  • rugososmythiesi. Myrmica rugosa var. rugososmythiesi Forel, 1902c: 228 (w.) INDIA. Junior synonym of debilior: Forel, 1902c: 228.
  • rupestris. Myrmica smythiesii var. rupestris Forel, 1902c: 227 (w.) INDIA. Radchenko & Elmes, 2002: 44 (q.m.). Raised to species and senior synonym of debilior (and its junior synonym rugososmythiesi), everesti : Radchenko & Elmes, 2001a: 245. See also: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 246.
  • everesti. Myrmica everesti Donisthorpe, 1929a: 445 (w.) TIBET. Junior synonym of rupestris: Radchenko & Elmes, 2001a: 245.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Etymology

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - name from the Latin word rupes = rock with the adjectival suffix estris = origin or habit, probably to indicate that it was found under a rock or in a rocky place.

References

  • Bharti, H. 2012. Myrmica nefaria sp.n. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) – a new social parasite from Himalaya. Myrmecological News 16, 149-156.
  • Forel, A. 1902c. Myrmicinae nouveaux de l'Inde et de Ceylan. Rev. Suisse Zool. 10: 165-249 (page 227, worker described)
  • Radchenko, A. G.; Elmes, G.W. 2001b. A taxonomic revision of the ant genus Myrmica Latreille, 1804 from the Himalaya (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Entomol. Basil. 23: 237-276 (page 245, Raised to species and senior synonym of debilior (and its junior synonym rugososmythiesi) and everesti )
  • Radchenko, A. G.; Elmes, G. W. 2002. First descriptions of the sexual forms of seven Himalayan Myrmica species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Vestn. Zool. 36(5): 35-46 (page 44, queen, male described)
  • Radchenko, A.G. & Elmes, G.W. 2010. Myrmica ants of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3: 1-789.