Myrmica stangeana

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Myrmica stangeana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Myrmicini
Genus: Myrmica
Species: M. stangeana
Binomial name
Myrmica stangeana
Ruzsky, 1902

Myrmica stangeana P casent0280822.jpg

Myrmica stangeana D casent0280822.jpg

Specimen Label

Synonyms

Although M. stangeana is a widely distributed species, its poor representation in collections suggests that it is quite rare throughout its range. Consequently not much is known about its ecology. Despite M. stangeana appearing to be a species of the Steppe Zone, it inhabits only intrazonal, wet, usually halophytous habitats. Nests are built in soil, sometimes with small mounds, but very often without any visible constructions. Colonies are quite small, up to several hundred of workers, mono- or oligogynous. (Radchenko and Elmes 2010)

Identification

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) – A member of the specioides complex of the scabrinodis species group (Radchenko and Elmes 2004). It is characterized by a combination of features that distinguish it from Myrmica specioides: the antennal scape at its base only has a narrow horizontal ridge or at most a very small carina; the propodeal spines are rather short, thin and not widened at the base; the alitrunk with relatively coarse, regular, almost straight longitudinal rugae; the body a rather dark, brownish-red. Additionally, the males of M. stangeana have a very short scape (SI1 < 0.33).

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Steppes from the lower reaches of the Dnepr to the eastern Kazakhstan, to the north - until Samara Province of Russia.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Armenia, China, Czech Republic, Georgia, Kazakhstan (type locality), Kyrgyzstan, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Ukraine.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • stangeana. Myrmica stangeana Ruzsky, 1902a: 234 (w.) RUSSIA, KAZAKHSTAN. Seifert, 1988b: 23 (q.m.). [Also described as new by Ruzsky, 1902b: 474.] Subspecies of bergi: Ruzsky, 1903b: 314; Ruzsky, 1905b: 678; of scabrinodis: Emery, 1908a: 178. Revived status as species: Arnol'di, 1970b: 1841; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 533. Senior synonym of medvedevi: Seifert, 1988b: 23; Radchenko, 1994e: 78; of lacustris: Radchenko & Elmes, 2009c: 509. See also: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 291.
  • lacustris. Myrmica scabrinodis var. lacustris Ruzsky, 1905b: 686 (w.) RUSSIA, KAZAKHSTAN. Raised to species: Radchenko, 1994a: 44; Radchenko, 1994c: 140 (in key). Material of the unavailable name grandis and of the nomen nudum lulakeranica referred here by Radchenko, 1994f: 77. Junior synonym of stangeana: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 291. See also: Seifert, 2003b: 150; Radchenko, Elmes & Alicata, 2006: 516.
  • medvedevi. Myrmica stangeana subsp. medvedevi Arnol'di, 1970b: 1841 (w.) UKRAINE. Junior synonym of stangeana: Seifert, 1988b: 23.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Etymology

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - named for the collector, the Russian naturalist G. V. Stange (Shtange), who provided material for M. D. Ruzsky from different places in European Russia and West Siberia.

References

  • Arnol'di, K. V. 1970b. Review of the ant genus Myrmica (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in the European part of the USSR. Zool. Zh. 4 49: 1829-1844 (page 1841, Revived status as species)
  • Arnol'di, K. V.; Dlussky, G. M. 1978. Superfam. Formicoidea. 1. Fam. Formicidae - ants. Pp. 519-556 in: Medvedev, G. S. (ed.) Keys to the insects of the European part of the USSR. Vol. 3. Hymenoptera. Part 1. Opredeliteli Faune SSSR 119:3-584. (page 533, Revived status as species)
  • Czechowski, W. 2009. Myrmica slovaca SADIL and Myrmica deplanata EMERY rather than M. salina RUZSKY and M. lacustris RUZSKY (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Poland. Polish Journal of Entomology, 78: 315-317.*Emery, C. 1908a. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1908: 165-205 (page 178, Subspecies of scabrinodis)
  • Radchenko, A. G. 1994f. Survey of the species of the scabrinodis group of the genus Myrmica (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from central and eastern Palearctic. Zool. Zh. 73(9 9: 75-82 (page 78, Senior synonym of medvedevi)
  • Radchenko, A.G. & Elmes, G.W. 2010. Myrmica ants of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3: 1-789.
  • Ruzsky, M. 1902a. Contribution to the ant fauna of the Turgai region. Rus. Entomol. Obozr. 2: 232-235 (page 234, worker described)
  • Ruzsky, M. 1902b. Neue Ameisen aus Russland. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 17: 469-484 (page 474, also described as new)
  • Ruzsky, M. 1903b. Essay on the myrmecofauna of the Kirghiz steppe. Tr. Rus. Entomol. Obshch. 36: 294-316 (page 314, Subspecies of bergi)
  • Ruzsky, M. 1905b. The ants of Russia. (Formicariae Imperii Rossici). Systematics, geography and data on the biology of Russian ants. Part I. Tr. Obshch. Estestvoispyt. Imp. Kazan. Univ. 38(4-6 6: 1-800 (page 678, Subspecies of bergi)
  • Seifert, B. 1988b. A taxonomic revision of the Myrmica species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caucasia (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Abh. Ber. Naturkundemus. Görlitz 62(3): 1-75 (page 23, queen, male described, Senior synonym of medvedevi)
  • Seifert, B. 2003b. The Palaearctic members of the Myrmica schencki group with description of a new species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Beitr. Entomol. 53: 141-159 PDF (page 148, figs. 9, 12, 14, 15 worker described)