Neivamyrmex curvinotus

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Neivamyrmex curvinotus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Neivamyrmex
Species: N. curvinotus
Binomial name
Neivamyrmex curvinotus
Watkins, 1994

Neivamyrmex curvinotus casent0217476 p 1 high.jpg

Neivamyrmex curvinotus casent0217476 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Nothing is known about the biology of Neivamyrmex curvinotus.

Identification

Watkins (1994) - Neivamyrmex curvinotus belongs to Borgmeier's "Group III" (Borgmeier, I955, p. 360) and its workers are most similar to those of Neivamyrmex pilosus; however, they can be distinguished from workers of all the other species in Group III by their more arched propodea and more concave mesopropodeal junctions. Workers of N. curvinotus are yellowish brown to light reddish brown, whereas those of N. pilosus are usually dark reddish brown to black. Pinned black specimens fade to reddish brown as they age. Workers of N. curvinotus will key to Neivamyrmex impudens in Watkins (1976); however, the node of the petiole of N. curvinotus is not flattened dorsally as stated in couplet 44b. Also, the dorsum of the propodeum of N. curvinotus, in profile, is more arched and the lamella in front of the antennal fossa is narrower.

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Colombia, Peru (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • curvinotus. Neivamyrmex curvinotus Watkins, 1994: 411, figs. 1-3 (w.) PERU.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Major (holotype): Length 5.2 mm. Entire body yellowish brown, except posterior half of mesosoma which is light reddish brown. Head, legs and gaster smooth. Posterior half of mesosoma granulated and rugated. Petiole and postpetiole finely granulated (25 x ). Erect, yellowish setae abundant on all surfaces.

Head: Oval, from a frontal view, and about as wide (1.15 mm) as long (exclusive of mandibles). Front and sides rounded, from a dorsal view, with a posterior concavity about one-third as wide as head and distinctly narrower than greatest width of promesonotum. Eyes yellowish and ocellus-like with distinct corneas. Frontal carinae short and very narrow below antennal fossae. Antennal scape 1.10 mm long, gradually thickened distally and moderately bent outwards; proximal width 0.10 mm, distal width 0.18 mm. Antennal funiculus ( 11 segments) 2.0 mm long and slightly thickened distally; width of proximal segment 0.10 mm, width of distal segment 0.15 mm. Mandibles with straight upper margin which forms a sharp comer with the masticatory surface which has three small teeth.

Mesosoma: Length 2.25 mm, greatest width 0.78 mm, greatest height 0. 70 mm. Dorsum, in profile, double-arched; i.e., dorsum of promesonotum broadly arched, followed by a concave mesopropodeal juncture, followed by an arched propodeum whose dorsum curves into the declining surface without a distinct comer or projection. Promesonotum about twice as long as propodeum. Front of promesonotum, from a dorsal view, about one-third as wide as head and with a very fine, indistinct transverse ridge. Sides of promesonotum rounded. Sutures mostly indistinct; however, the mesopropodeal junction is concave with longitudinal rugae. Length of hind leg 6.69 mm (coxa 0.65 mm, trochanter 0.18 mm, femur 1.80 mm, tibia 1.75 mm, tarsus: seg. one 1.15 mm, seg. two 0.38 mm, seg. three 0.30 mRl, seg. four 0.18 mm, seg. five 0.30 mm). Coxa slightly oval. Femur and tibia straight.

Petiole: Length 0.48 mm, width 0.38 mm, height 0.43 mm. One and one-fourth times longer than wide, from a dorsal view, with slightly convex sides. Dorsum, in profile, convex. Ventral surface almost straight and with a very small, thin, sharp anteroventral tooth which is difficult to see and usually concealed by the hind coxa.

Postpetiole: Length 0.39 mm, width 0.43 mm, height 0.45 mm. Subquadrate, from a dorsal view, with convex sides. Dorsum, in profile, convex. Ventor almost straight. Tergostemal suture distinct.

Gaster: Length 1.60 mm, width 1.02 mm, height 1.0 mm. Oval with well developed, slightly curved sting. Sutures distinct.

VARIATIONS: Major and minor workers are very similar. Body lengths vary from 2.5 to 5.5 mm and the smaller workers tend to be slightly lighter in color (yellowish brown) than the larger workers (light reddish brown). Heads of smaller workers are more elongated and their antennal scapes are relatively longer. The masticatory surfaces of the mandibles are finely serrated (50 x) on the smaller workers, but have three or four distinct teeth on the larger workers.

DISTINCTIVE CHARACTERISTICS: Dorsum of mesosoma, in profile, double-arched ("curvinotus"). Head oval with a posterior concavity that is about one-third as wide as head and narrower than the greatest width of the promesonotum. Mandible with a straight upper margin which forms a sharp comer with the masticatory surface. Petiole longer than postpetiole and with a convex dorsum. Petiole with a small, sharp anteroventral tooth. Color yellowish to light reddish brown.

Type Material

Workers with red determination labels and white locality labels. Collected by Donald Feener and Brian Brown, 28 February 1992, I, 4 March 1992, Peru, Madre de Dios, Parque Nacional Manu, Pakitza. Holotype and 6 paratypes deposited in the National Museum ofNatural History, Washington, D.C., U.S.A. Additional paratypes deposited in the American Museum of Natural History, New York; Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard; Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County; Watkins Collection, Baylor Univ., Waco, Texas.

References

  • Watkins, J. F., II. 1994 [1993]. Neivamyrmex curvinotus, n. sp. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ecitoninae) from South America. J. Kans. Entomol. Soc. 66: 411-413 (page 411, figs, 1-3 worker described)