Neivamyrmex punctaticeps

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Neivamyrmex punctaticeps
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Neivamyrmex
Species: N. punctaticeps
Binomial name
Neivamyrmex punctaticeps
(Emery, 1894)

Neivamyrmex punctaticeps casent0173531 profile 1.jpg

Neivamyrmex punctaticeps casent0173531 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Synonyms

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (type locality), Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

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Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • spinolae. Labidus spinolae Westwood, 1842: 77 (m.) BRAZIL. [Junior primary homonym of Labidus spinolae Shuckard, 1840c: 327.] Replacement name: punctaticeps Emery, 1894c: 181; designated by Bolton, 1995b: 291. [Oldest junior synonym of spinolae Westwood and hence first available replacement name.] Combination in Eciton: Forel, 1895b: 121; in E. (Acamatus): Emery, 1900a: 187; in E. (Labidus): Bruch, 1914: 215; in Neivamyrmex: Borgmeier, 1953: 17. Senior synonym of fiebrigi, hospes, punctaticeps: Borgmeier, 1953: 9, 7, 7, respectively; of commutatum (and its junior synonym columbicum), ierense: Borgmeier, 1955: 409.
  • punctaticeps. Eciton (Acamatus) punctaticeps Emery, 1894c: 181 (w.) BRAZIL. Oldest junior synonym of, and hence first available replacement name for, Labidus spinolae Westwood, 1842: 77 [Junior primary homonym of Labidus spinolae Shuckard, 1840c: 327.]; designated by Bolton, 1995b: 291. Combination in Neivamyrmex: Borgmeier, 1955: 409. See under spinolae below for current synonymy and other references.
  • commutatum. Eciton commutatum Emery, 1900a: 184 (w.) COLOMBIA. Combination in E. (Acamatus): Emery, 1900a: 187; in E. (Neivamyrmex): Smith, M.R. 1942c: 568; in Neivamyrmex: Borgmeier, 1953: 6. Senior synonym of columbicum: Borgmeier, 1953: 9. Junior synonym of spinolae: Borgmeier, 1955: 409.
  • hospes. Eciton latiscapum subsp. hospes Emery, 1906c: 111 (m.) ARGENTINA. Junior synonym of spegazzinii: Gallardo, 1920: 357; of spinolae: Borgmeier, 1953: 7.
  • fiebrigi. Eciton (Acamatus) fiebrigi Forel, 1909a: 255 (w.) PARAGUAY. Junior synonym of spinolae: Borgmeier, 1953: 9.
  • columbicum. Eciton (Acamatus) fiebrigi r. columbicum Forel, 1912c: 46 (w.) COLOMBIA. Junior synonym of commutatum: Borgmeier, 1953: 9.
  • ierense. Eciton (Acamatus) ierense Weber, 1938a: 207 (w.) TRINIDAD. Junior synonym of spinolae: Borgmeier, 1955: 409.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Smith (1942), for the synonym commutatum - Major. Length 4-5 mm.

Eye extremely small, indistinct, apparently placed beneath general surface of head, and only observable after careful examination. Superior border of mandible with remarkably large, blunt, angular, basal tooth; margin deeply excised between this tooth and masticatory border; masticatory border usually with a number of small, irregular teeth, which may often be worn off. Antennal scape remarkably robust, short, less than three times as long as its greatest width; funiculus exceedingly short and broad, all segments, except first two and last, very noticeably broader than long. Antennal socket open in front, that is, without a flange (this best seen from above). Posterior border of head, from above, deeply emarginate, forming distinct, blunt,• angular posterior corners; posterior corners not outwardly curved as in wheeleri. Thorax compressed. Pronotum without transverse carina. Promesonotum approximately two and a half times length of epinotum when measured from the point where the carina should be back to meso-epinotal suture; meso-epinotal suture broad, distinct, but not deep. Anterior half of promesonotum, in profile, convex; posterior half distinctly flattened; posterior part of promesonotum clearly elevated above base of epinotum. Base of epinotum meeting declivity in blunt, obtuse angle, which in some aspects does not appear much greater than a right angle. Petiole robust, subquadrate, approximately seven-eighths as broad as long. Postpetiole scarcely shorter than petiole but very clearly broader, approximately one and one-fourth times as broad as long, broader posteriorly than anteriorly.

Body and appendages unusually smooth and highly polished, with the following exceptions: Mandibles subopaque, coarsely and longitudinally striated, and bearing scattered piligerous punctures near the masticatory border; anterior declivity of pronotum, propleura, and sides of petiole and postpetiole faintly shagreened, subopaque; meso- and metapleura more coarsely granulate-punctate; meso-epinotal suture granulate-punctate, with also longitudinal striae; tarsi and funiculi opaque owing to the abundant pile. Head with small, scattered, but distinct punctures.

Hairs yellowish, moderately abundant, of variable length, apparently sparse or absent on sides of thorax and head: Appressed pubescence more visible on gaster than elsewhere.

Deep yellowish brown to reddish brown, with lighter petiole, post-petiole, gaster, and legs; mandibles and frontal carinae much darker, especially around borders.

References

  • Borgmeier, T. 1955. Die Wanderameisen der neotropischen Region. Stud. Entomol. 3: 1-720 (page 409, Combination in Neivamyrmex)
  • Emery, C. 1894d. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. VI-XVI. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 26: 137-241 (page 181, worker described)
  • Shuckard, W. E. 1840c. Monograph of the Dorylidae, a family of the Hymenoptera Heterogyna. (Concluded from p. 271.). Ann. Nat. Hist. 5: 315-328 (page 327, Junior primary homonym of Labidus spinolae)
  • Westwood, J. O. 1842. Monograph of the hymenopterous group, Dorylides. Pp. 73-80 in: Westwood, J. O. Arcana entomologica; or illustrations of new, rare, and interesting insects. Volume 1, No. 5. London: W. Smith, pp. 65-80, pl. 17-20. (page 77, Oldest junior synonym of, and hence first available replacement name for Labidus spinolae.)