| Nylanderia birmana|
This species is infrequent in collections and seems to be restricted to the Himalayas. It was encountered underneath a stone along a roadside at Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, and was collected on honey bait in subtropical, semi-evergreen forests of Uttarakhand. (Wachkoo and Bharti 2015)
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
Wachkoo and Bharti (2015) - The workers of this species can be immediately recognized from other Southeast Asian congeners by the presence of a microreticulate sculpture on head and mesosoma.
Keys including this Species
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
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The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- birmana. Prenolepis birmana Forel, 1902d: 291 (w.) MYANMAR. Combination in Paratrechina (Nylanderia): Emery, 1925b: 219; in Nylanderia: LaPolla, Brady & Shattuck, 2010a: 127. Current subspecies: nominal plus hodgsoni.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Wachkoo and Bharti (2015) - HL 0.67-0.81 mm; HW 0.53-0.65 mm; EL 0.16-0.20 mm; SL 0.81-0.95 mm; PW 0.41-0.48 mm; PrFL 0.67-0.77 mm; PrFW 0.16-0.18 mm; WL 0.86-1.01 mm. Indices: CI 78.01-81.44; SI 140.35-154.16; REL 23.61-24.66 (n = 20).
Head is subrectangular; distinctly longer than wide, equally wide anteriorly and posteriorly, lateral margins gently convex, posterior margin shallowly concave to convex with rounded posterolateral corners. Clypeus subcarinate in the middle; anterior clypeal margin feebly concave to convex. Eyes moderately large, oval, convex, covering approximately three-tenths of lateral cephalic margin; three small ocelli present. Antennae long, scape surpasses posterior margin by more than two-fifths their length.
Metanotal groove strongly developed, in lateral view interrupts the regular promesonotal convexity from propodeum; metanotal area distinct. Dorsal face of propodeum distinctly rounded, about the same length as declivitous face; in lateral view, its highest part on the same plane to remainder of dorsum, dorsally dome-like. In lateral view, petiole triangular, inclined forward, with posterior face longer than anterior face; dorsum rounded.
Cuticle mostly dull to feebly shiny and finely microreticulate; reticulations more pronounced on head followed by mesosoma and gaster; propodeum relatively smooth and shiny; petiole smooth and shiny; pubescence absent on head, very sparse on mesosoma and relatively denser on gaster; scape with erect macrosetae and abundant pubescence (SMC = 30e40); pronotum and mesonotum with scattered, erect macrosetae of varying lengths (PMC = 2-4; MMC = 2-4).
Body color is blackish brown to black, antennae and legs brown; procoxae brown, mesocoxae and metacoxae yellowish brown; tarsi yellowish.
Wachkoo and Bharti (2015) - HL 0.95 mm; HW 0.90 mm; EL 0.30 mm; SL 1.07 mm; PrFL 0.98 mm; PrFW 0.25 mm; WL 1.54 mm. Indices: CI 94.74; SI 118.89; REL 31.39 (n = 1).
Generally, matches worker description, with modifications expected for caste and the following differences: head subtriangular with concave posterior margin; anterior clypeal margin nearly straight; petiole concave above; coloration pattern similar to adult workers; body covered with a more dense pubescence than in workers; overall microreticulate sculpture feebler than in workers (SMC 40 = 45; PMC = 6; MMC = 51).
Wachkoo and Bharti (2015) - HL 0.59-0.67 mm; HW 0.48-0.58 mm; EL 0.23-0.25 mm; SL 0.77-0.85 mm; PrFL 0.67-0.74 mm; PrFW 0.15- 0.17 mm; and WL 0.87-0.95 mm. Indices: CI 81.48-89.28; SI 145.28-159.09; and REL 37.70-41.07 (n = 3).
Head oval; longer than wide; eyes large, subglobulose, slightly projecting beyond head outline in full-face view; three prominent ocelli present. Antennae filiform, scapes long, surpass posterior margin by about half their length. Mandibles slender with prominent, pointed apical and small preapical tooth, remainder of masticatory margin smooth, with indistinct, rounded basal angle that seamlessly blends into inner mandibular margin.
Mesosoma modified for the presence of a wing; in lateral view scutum and scutellum flat; propodeum indistinct, not higher than remainder of notum with very short dorsal face and long declivitous face; petiole as in worker.
Genitalia: Parameres triangular, turning slightly inward toward midline of body posteriorly; long setae extending off of parameres. Cuspi small, indistinct dorsally; digiti smooth, as long as parameres; strongly curved toward parameres. Penis valves projecting but not extending parameres.
Sculpture very much reduced than in worker caste; body mostly smooth and shiny at most with fine punctations; scutum microreticulate. Vestiture and color as in worker caste, but head sparsely pubescent (SMC 25 = 30; PMC = 0; MMC = 25-28).
- Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 219, Combination in Paratrechina (Nylanderia))
- Forel, A. 1902d. Variétés myrmécologiques. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 46: 284-296 (page 291, worker described)
- Wachkoo A. and Bharti, H. 2014. First description of the worker caste of Nylanderia smythiesii (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Biodiversity Data Journal 2: e1163. doi:10.3897/BDJ.2.e1163
- Wachkoo, A. A. and Bharti, H. 2015. Taxonomic review of ant genus Nylanderia Emery, 1906 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in India. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. 8:105-120.