Nylanderia opisopthalmia

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Nylanderia opisopthalmia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Lasiini
Genus: Nylanderia
Species: N. opisopthalmia
Binomial name
Nylanderia opisopthalmia
(Zhou & Zheng, 1998)

MCZ-ENT00532865 Zatania opisopthalmia side.jpg

MCZ-ENT00532865 Zatania opisopthalmia top.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Identification

Williams and LaPolla (2016) - While this species is currently placed in Nylanderia, the morphology appears to be most consistent to that of Zatania species: (1) abundant pubescence on the head; (2) scapes with no erect setae; (3) compound eyes placed far posterior to the midline of the head (EPI > 167); and (4) shallow and incomplete mesonotal and metanotal sutures. Nylanderia opisopthalmia differs from both genera in that it has 7–8 teeth on the masticatory margin, while Nylanderia species almost exclusively have 6 and Zatania species have 5–6. Although the placement of this species in Zatania is weakly supported by our parsimony analysis (BS = 12), no Zatania species are known outside of Central America and the Greater Antilles. Since our focus was specifically on the revision of Prenolepis and the Asian Nylanderia are in need of taxonomic treatment, we adopt a conservative approach and leave this species in Nylanderia pending further investigation.

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: Vietnam.
Palaearctic Region: China (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • opisopthalmia. Paratrechina opisopthalmia Zhou & Zheng, 1998a: 44, figs. 5, 6 (w.) CHINA.
    • Combination in Nylanderia: LaPolla, Brady & Shattuck, 2010a: 127.
    • Status as species: Zhou, 2001b: 182.
    • Senior synonym of septemdenta: Williams & LaPolla, 2016: 248.
  • septemdenta. Prenolepis septemdenta Wang, W. & Wu, 2007: 722, figs. 3, 4 (w.) CHINA.
    • Junior synonym of opisopthalmia: Williams & LaPolla, 2016: 248.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Williams and LaPolla (2016) - (n=3): CMC: 6–16; EL: 0.26–0.28; EW: 0.22; HL: 0.89–0.92; HLA: 0.47; HLP: 0.24–0.28; HW: 0.73–0.75; IOD: 0.47–0.48; LF1: 0.21–0.24; LF2: 0.09–0.13; LHT: 0.95–1.11; MMC: 1; MTW: 0.48–0.49; MW: 0.32; PDH: 0.37–0.39; PMC: 0–3; PrCL: 0.51–0.57; PrCW: 0.31–0.36; PrFL: 0.86–1.07; PrFW: 0.23–0.24; PTH: 0.39–0.40; PTL: 0.34–0.39; PTW: 0.27–0.29; PW: 0.55–0.58; SL: 1.03–1.17; TL: 3.21–3.74; WF1: 0.08–0.09; WF2: 0.07; WL: 1.20–1.35; BLI: 161–186; CI: 79–83; EPI: 167–193; FLI: 189–248; HTI: 131–150; PetHI: 104–106; PetWI: 76–81; PrCI: 61–63; PrFI: 22–27; REL: 29–32; REL2: 36–38; REL3: 56–59; SI: 138–162.

Medium to dark brown; entire cuticle reticulate to finely reticulate; short, black, and erect macrosetae with thick setal bases on head, pronotum, mesonotum, and gaster; no setae on scapes, metanotum, or propodeum; fine, dense pubescence covering most of the cuticle, including the scapes; head longer than broad and rectangular in shape with indistinct posterolateral corners and a short, straight posterior margin; compound eyes are large and convex, but not surpassing the lateral margins of the head in full-face view; mandibles with 7–8 teeth on the masticatory margin; ectal surface of the mandibles with deep longitudinal striations; in profile view, the dorsal surface of the mesonotum is flattened and elongate; propodeum is highly domed with a rounded dorsal face; dorsal apex of petiole scale is sharply angled and forward-inclined.

Type Material

Williams and LaPolla (2016) - Holotype worker, China: Guangxi Province, Huaping Nature Reserve, 25°10.10’N 109°48.54’E, 534m (Guangxi Normal University) [examined].

References

  • Williams, J. L. and J. S. LaPolla. 2016. Taxonomic revision and phylogeny of the ant genus Prenolepis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). 4200(2):201–258. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4200.2.1
  • Zhou, S.; Zheng, Z. 1998a. Three new species and a new record species of tribe Prenolepidini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Guangxi, China. Entomol. Sin. 5: 42-46 (page 44, figs. 5, 6 worker described)