Odontomachus saevissimus

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Odontomachus saevissimus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Odontomachus
Species: O. saevissimus
Binomial name
Odontomachus saevissimus
Smith, F., 1858

Odontomachus saevissimus casent0270626 p 1 high.jpg

Odontomachus saevissimus casent0270626 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Indonesia (type locality), New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands.

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Distribution based on specimens

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The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Odontomachus saevissimus for further details

Biology

Castes


Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • saevissimus. Odontomachus saevissimus Smith, F. 1858b: 80, pl. 5, fig. 10 (w.) INDONESIA (Seram I.). Smith, F. 1860b: 102 (q.); Karavaiev, 1925c: 291 (m.). Senior synonym of tauerni, transversostriatus: Wilson, 1959a: 498; of linae: Brown, 1976a: 106. See also: Brown, 1976a: 152.
  • tauerni. Odontomachus imperator var. tauerni Stitz, 1925: 116 (w.) INDONESIA (Seram I.). Junior synonym of saevissimus: Wilson, 1959a: 498.
  • linae. Odontomachus saevissimus var. linae Donisthorpe, 1940c: 107 (w.q.) NEW GUINEA. Raised to species: Wilson, 1959a: 494. Junior synonym of saevissimus: Brown, 1976a: 106.
  • transversostriatus. Odontomachus transversostriatus Donisthorpe, 1941h: 53 (w.) NEW GUINEA. Junior synonym of saevissimus: Wilson, 1959a: 498.

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Odontomachus saevissimus

Holotype in The Natural History Museum, labelled “Ceram 55/8”. Acc. Reg.: “1855 no. 8 (March 7) Ceram & Amboina. Purchased of S. Stevens. Collected by Madame Ida Pfeiffer during her recent travels. They are ticketed “Ceram.”

A dealate queen in Oxford University Museum of Natural History is labelled as type, from “Bac” (= Batjan I.). This is not type-material (locality incorrect) but is most probably the queen referred to by Smith, F. 1860b: 102. Also in Oxford University Museum of Natural History is a worker with the same “Bac” locality.

Description

References

  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1976c. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Stud. Entomol. 19: 67-171 (page 106, Senior synonym of linae; page 152, see also)
  • Karavaiev, V. 1925c. Ponerinen (Fam. Formicidae) aus dem Indo-Australischen Gebiet. (Schluss). Konowia 4: 276-296 (page 291, male described)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 80, pl. 5, fig. 10 worker described)
  • Smith, F. 1860b. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace in the islands of Bachian, Kaisaa, Amboyna, Gilolo, and at Dory in New Guinea. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 5(17b)(suppl. to vol. 4 4: 93-143 (page 102, queen described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1959c. Studies on the ant fauna of Melanesia V. The tribe Odontomachini. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 120: 483-510 (page 498, Senior synonym of tauerni and transversostriatus)