Parvaponera darwinii

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Parvaponera darwinii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Parvaponera
Species: P. darwinii
Binomial name
Parvaponera darwinii
(Forel, 1893)

Pachycondyla darwinii casent0172436 profile 1.jpg

Pachycondyla darwinii casent0172436 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels


Photo Gallery

  • Parvaponera darwinii queen from Trivandrum, Kerala, India. Photo by Kalesh Sadasivan.



Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Chad, Ivory Coast, Mali.
Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).
Indo-Australian Region: New Guinea, Solomon Islands.
Oriental Region: India, Vietnam.
Palaearctic Region: China, Israel, Japan, Malta.

Japan (Nansei Is (Okinawa I., Iriomote I.)).

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The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • darwinii. Belonopelta darwinii Forel, 1893d: 460 (q.) AUSTRALIA. Terayama, 1990: 897 (w.). Combination in Pachycondyla (Pseudoponera): Emery, 1900d: 668; Emery, 1901a: 46; in Pseudoponera: Bingham, 1903: 93; in Euponera (Trachymesopus): Emery, 1911d: 86; in Trachymesopus: Wilson, 1958d: 353; in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 304; in Parvaponera: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 200. Senior synonym of lamarki, rufotestaceus: Brown, 1963: 6. Current subspecies: nominal plus africana, indica, madecassa.
  • lamarki. Euponera (Trachymesopus) lamarki Santschi, 1913c: 303 (q.) CONGO. Junior synonym of darwinii: Brown, 1963: 6.
  • rufotestaceus. Cryptopone rufotestaceus Donisthorpe, 1943b: 197 (q.) INDIA. Combination in Trachymesopus: Wilson, 1958d: 361 (footnote). Junior synonym of darwinii: Brown, 1963: 6.

Type Material



  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 93, Combination in Pseudoponera)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1963a. Characters and synonymies among the genera of ants. Part III. Some members of the tribe Ponerini (Ponerinae, Formicidae). Breviora 190: 1-10 (page 6, Senior synonym of lamarki and rufotestaceus)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1995a. [Untitled. Taxonomic changes in Pachycondyla attributed to Brown.] Pp. 302-311 in: Bolton, B. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 304, Combination in Pachycondyla)
  • Emery, C. 1900d. Formiche raccolte da Elio Modigliani in Sumatra, Engano e Mentawei. [part]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 40[=(2(20): 689-720 (page 688, Combination in Pachycondyla (Pseudoponera))
  • Emery, C. 1901b. Notes sur les sous-familles des Dorylines et Ponérines (Famille des Formicides). Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 45: 32-54 (page 46, Combination in Pachycondyla (Pseudoponera))
  • Emery, C. 1911e. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125 (page 86, Combination in Euponera (Trachymesopus))
  • Forel, A. 1893f. Nouvelles fourmis d'Australie et des Canaries. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 37: 454-466 (page 460, queen described)
  • Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, S.O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa. 3817, 1–242 (doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1)
  • Terayama, M. 1990b. Discovery of worker caste in Trachymesopus darwinii (Forel, 1893). Jpn. J. Entomol. 58: 897-898 (page 897, worker described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1958g. Studies on the ant fauna of Melanesia III. Rhytidoponera in western Melanesia and the Moluccas. IV. The tribe Ponerini. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 119: 303-371 (page 353, Combination in Trachymesopus)