Phaulomyrma

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Phaulomyrma
Phaulomyrma javana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Leptanillinae
Tribe: Leptanillini
Genus: Phaulomyrma
Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, E.W., 1930
Type species
Phaulomyrma javana
Diversity
1 species
(Species Checklist)

The only known specimens of the genus are two males of Phaulomyrma javana.

Identification

This genus is to be distinguished from Leptanilla by the presence of wing veins and the unusually large genitalia. (Wheeler and Wheeler 1930)

Keys including this Genus

Distribution

Distribution and Richness based on AntMaps

Biology

Castes

Only known from the male caste.

Male Morphology

 • Caste unknown

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • PHAULOMYRMA [Leptanillinae: Leptanillini]
    • Phaulomyrma Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, E.W. 1930: 193. Type-species: Phaulomyrma javana, by original designation.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Male. Head flattened, slightly emarginate behind. Eyes protruding, large (diameter about one-third the length of the head), and situated near the anterior border. Clypeus indistinct or large and somewhat convex. Antennm 13-segmented. Thorax compressed. Legs slender; two spurs on the middle and hind tibiae; metathoracic legs, long, extending beyond the tip of the abdomen. Wings hairy; fore wings large, with one or three reduced veins; the margins fringed with hairs; hind wings much smaller. Hairs abundant especially on the dorsum. Integument smooth or with scattered hairy punctures. Genitalia large and projecting. Sagittae wide at the base. Subgenital plate bifurcated.

Etymology

Phaulos, trifling, paltry + myrmex, ant.

References

  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1977c. Materiali per una revisione della sottofamiglia Leptanillinae Emery (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomol. Basil. 2: 427-488 (page 480, Review of genus)
  • Bolton, B. 1990d. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Leptanillinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Syst. Entomol. 15: 267-282 (page 277, Phaulomyrma in Leptanillinae, Leptanillini)
  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 70, Phaulomyrma in Leptanillinae, Leptanillini)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 316, Phaulomyrma in Leptanillinae, Leptanillini)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 152, Phaulomyrma in Leptanillinae, Leptanillini)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. (page 79, Phaulomyrma in Leptanillinae, Leptanillini)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943g. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [part]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 617-688 (page 683, Phaulomyrma in Leptanillinae, Leptanillini)
  • Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. (page 12, Phaulomyrma in Leptanillinae, Leptanillini)
  • Petersen, B. 1968. Some novelties in presumed males of Leptanillinae (Hym., Formicidae). Entomol. Medd. 36: 577-598 (page 593, Review of genus)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, E. W. 1930. Two new ants from Java. Psyche (Camb.) 37: 193-201 (page 193, Phaulomyrma as genus; page 201, Phaulomyrma in Leptanillinae, Leptanillini)