| Pheidole bison|
The type series was collected by Philip S. Ward from a termite nest in savanna. (Wilson 2003)
See the description in the nomenclature section.
Keys including this Species
Only known from the type locality.
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
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The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- bison. Pheidole bison Wilson, 2003: 665, figs. (s.w.) BOLIVIA.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Major: promesonotum a single massive piece, its dorsal border forming a single convexity that drops vertically at the rear to the metanotum; head entirely covered with longitudinal carinulae except for frontal triangle and central section of clypeus; space between eye and antennal fossa rugoreticulate; petiolar node in side view tapered apically to a blunt point; postpetiolar node from above trapezoidal.
Minor: almost all of head and mesosoma foveolate and opaque; irregular broken rugulae present on posterior dorsal head surface; propodeal spines reduced to denticles; occiput broad, weakly concave.
MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.26, HL 1.30, SL 0.76, EL 0.12, PW 0.60. Paratype minor: HW 0.62, HL 0.64, SL 0.64, EL 0.08, PW 0.44.
COLOR Major: head dark reddish brown, rest of body medium reddish brown, appendages light reddish brown.
Minor: concolorous brownish yellow.
Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.
BOLIVIA: La Games, Parque Nacional Noel Kempff Mercado, Santa Cruz, 14°48'S 60°23'W, 700 m, col. Philip S. Ward. Museum of Comparative Zoology
L Gr bison, the wisent (European bison), alluding to the massive humped back of the major.
- Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 665, fig. major, minor described)