Pheidole bruesi

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Pheidole bruesi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. bruesi
Binomial name
Pheidole bruesi
Wheeler, W.M., 1911

At La Sagesse Bay, Stefan Cover and I found P. bruesi abundant in dry, semi-deciduous scrub woodland, nesting in soil covered by thin leaf litter. At Fort Jeudy, a nest was found in dry deciduous forest, in a small rotting stump with galleries extending downward into the soil. In a nutmeg grove at Concord Falls, we found nests common in the soil. A nest excavated at Sagesse Bay contained a single queen. Majors and minors were readily attracted to baits, following odor trails laid by individually foraging scout workers. A male was collected in a nest on Grenada by C. T. Brues in September. (Wilson 2003)

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Known only from Grenada and, probably, Amazonian Brazil. (Wilson 2003)

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Grenada (type locality), Lesser Antilles.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • bruesi. Pheidole triconstricta var. bruesi Wheeler, W.M. 1911b: 169 (s.w.) GRENADA I. Raised to species: Wilson, 2003: 174.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

From Wilson (2003): A small, yellow, nearly hairless member of the diligens group, similar to Pheidole diligens, Pheidole inversa, Pheidole laidlowi, Pheidole radoszkowskii and Pheidole triconstricta, and differing by the following combination of traits.

Major: cephalic sculpturing consisting exclusively of longitudinal carinulae and foveolae, which are usually confined to the dorsal surface anterior to the posterior margin of the eyes; promesonotal profile 3-lobed; petiolar node thick; lateral margins of postpetiolar node subangular; gaster entirely smooth and shiny.

Minor: promesonotal profile 3-lobed. The Grenada series collected by Stefan Cover and me are variable, especially in the amount of cephalic sculpturing. A series nearly identical to the Grenadan population was collected by William L. Brown between Manaus and Itacoatiara, Amazonas, Brazil; it differs from the Grenada bruesi types only in the convex occiput (frontal view) and convex petiolar dorsal border (rear view) of the minor. Thus the status of bruesi as a Grenadan or even West Indian endemic is in doubt.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Lectotype major: HW 0.98, HL 1.00, SL 0.72, EL 0.20, PW 0.46. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.52, HL 0.60, SL 0.66, EL 0.12, PW 0.34.

COLOR Major and minor: yellow.


Pheidole bruesi Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

From Wilson (2003): GRENADA, WEST INDIES: Grand Etang, col. Charles T. Brues. Museum of Comparative Zoology - as reported in Wilson (2003)

Etymology

From Wilson (2003): Named after the collector, the entomologist Charles T. Brues.

References

  • Wheeler, W. M. 1911b. Ants collected in Grenada, W. I. by Mr. C. T. Brues. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 54: 167-172 (page 169, soldier, worker described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 174, Raised to species: new status)