Pheidole chalca

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Pheidole chalca
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. chalca
Binomial name
Pheidole chalca
Wheeler, W.M., 1914

MCZ-ENT00008730 Pheidole chalca hal.jpg

MCZ-ENT00008730 Pheidole chalca had.jpg

Specimen Label

Mann (in Wheeler 1914c) found numerous small colonies in oak-pine woodland near Molino Guerrero, an ore mill on the eastern slope of the mountain range east of Pachuca; they were nesting under stones. I found a nest of several chambers about 15 cm below the surface in the dense clay soil of Liquidambar woods adjacent to a meadow at approximately 1700 m on the south slope of Pico Orizaba. Workers were foraging along an adjacent trail. Sexual pupae were in the nest on 23 August. (Wilson 2003)

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Hidalgo and Veracruz, Mexico. (Wilson 2003)

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Mexico (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • chalca. Pheidole chalca Wheeler, W.M. 1914b: 44 (s.w.q.) MEXICO. See also: Wilson, 2003: 396.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

From Wilson (2003): A small-medium species, with angulate postpetiole and bicolorous head in the major. Similar to Pheidole chalcoides, but distinguished in the major by the smooth humerus, which is less prominent in dorsal-oblique view; broader, angular-sided postpetiolar node; and yellow occiput; and in the minor by the unarmed humerus and smooth pronotal dorsum.

Also similar but less so to Pheidole arhuaca, Pheidole caulicola, Pheidole mincana, Pheidole sagana, Pheidole schmalzi and Pheidole tragica, differing in details of body shape, and sculpture as illustrated, and color.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Lectotype major: HW 1.04, HL 1.24, SL 0.54, EL 0.14, PW 0.52. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.52, HL 0.60, SL 0.50, EL 0.12, PW 0.38.

COLOR Major: anterior third of head and occiput yellow, remainder of head brown; body yellowish to light brown; appendages light yellow. Minor: brownish yellow.


Pheidole chalca Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

MEXICO: Molino Guerrero (Guerrero Mill), Hidalgo, 2600–2700 m, col. W. M. Mann. Museum of Comparative Zoology - as reported in Wilson (2003)

Etymology

Presumably from Gr chalkos, copper, alluding to the body color. (Wilson 2003)

References

  • Wheeler, W. M. 1914c. Ants collected by W. M. Mann in the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 22: 37-61 (page 44, soldier, worker, queen described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 396, fig. major, minor described)