Pheidole chrysops

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Pheidole chrysops
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. chrysops
Binomial name
Pheidole chrysops
Wilson, 2003

Pheidole chrysops casent0178010 profile 1.jpg

Pheidole chrysops casent0178010 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

The Paraguay colony was in a nest in leaf litter in “high forests” (Alex Wild).

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Known from the type locality and from a single series, nearly identical to the types, from Reserva Mbaracayú, Jejuimi, Dept. Canindeyú, Paraguay. (Wilson 2003)

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality), Paraguay.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Minor

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • chrysops. Pheidole chrysops Wilson, 2003: 180, figs. (s.w.) BRAZIL.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

A small, yellow species tentatively placed in the diligens group but with clear ties to some members of the fallax group, i.e., Pheidole aenescens, Pheidole bergi, Pheidole cordiceps and Pheidole midas, from which it is distinguished by the following set of traits.

Major: head heart-shaped, but with occipital angles in full-face view tending toward subangulate; propodeal spine short, equilaterally triangular; pronotal profile in dorsal-oblique view slightly bilobous; pilosity long and dense; head lacking rugoreticulum, and carinulae limited to anterior half of head with frontal lobes mostly bare.

Minor: occiput narrowed but lacking nuchal collar; in profile, mesonotum moderately convex.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.94, HL 0.96, SL 0.74, EL 0.18, PW 0.52. Paratype minor: HW 0.46, HL 0.54, SL 0.66, EL 0.12, PW 0.34.

COLOR Major: concolorous dark (“golden”) yellow.

Minor: clear medium yellow.


Pheidole chrysops Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

BRAZIL: Taperinha, Santarem, Pará, col. Robert L. Jeanne. Museum of Comparative Zoology

Etymology

Gr chrysops, like gold, referring to the dark yellow color of the major.

References