Pheidole colobopsis

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to: navigation, search
Pheidole colobopsis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. colobopsis
Binomial name
Pheidole colobopsis
Mann, 1916

Pheidole colobopsis casent0619464 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole colobopsis casent0619464 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

A Peruvian colony was collected in clay soil at the base of a tree in terra firme rainforest. The nest was 12 cm deep and contained a single queen, five majors, and about 200 minors. The majors and minors in this series are a nearly uniform dark yellow to amber color. (Wilson 2003)

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Southern Mexico and south through Central America, plus roughly the northern half of South American (known from Venezuela, Columbia, Brazil and Peru).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality), Colombia, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Peru, Venezuela.

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Minor

Major

Queen

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • colobopsis. Pheidole (Pheidole) colobopsis Mann, 1916: 439, pl. 3, figs. 25, 26 (q.) BRAZIL. Combination in P. (Scrobopheidole): Emery, 1922e: 112. See also: Wilson, 2003: 545.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

From Wilson (2003): DIAGNOSIS A typical member of the lamia group: the major has a phragmotic head, with the anterior portion incorporating the clypeus and mandibles flattened (truncated), and deep antennal scrobes. This species is easily distinguished from the other members of the lamia group (Pheidole lamia, Pheidole pelor, Pheidole truncula) by the shorter head of the major and the pattern of carinulae on its head: limited to dense longitudinal rows on the frontal lobes and frontal triangle and transverse rows on the lateral wings of the clypeus. Other differences in body form and sculpturing are as illustrated. The queen is also phragmotic.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Major (Rio Porce, Colombia): HW l.08, HL l.20, SL 0.54, EL 0.l4, PW 0.60. Minor (Rio Porce, Colombia): HW 0.52, HL 0.54, SL 0.52, EL 0.06, PW 0.32.

COLOR Major: mostly light reddish brown; appendages, the truncated front of the head, and a narrow horizontal strip posterior to the eyes dark yellow.

Minor: body and scapes medium reddish brown, other appendages yellowish brown.


Pheidole colobopsis Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: major. Lower: minor. COLOMBIA: Rio Porce, near Medellin, 1020 m, col. Neal A. Weber. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

Rondonia Mamore railway track, Km 306, Rondonia, Brazil. National Museum of Natural History - as reported in Wilson (2003)

Etymology

Gr colobopsis, docked, clipped, shortened, with reference to the truncated head of the major. (Wilson 2003)

References

  • Emery, C. 1922e. Quelques fourmis nouvelles minuscules. Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 19: 107-112 (page 112, Combination in P. (Scrobopheidole))
  • Mann, W. M. 1916. The Stanford Expedition to Brazil, 1911, John C. Branner, Director. The ants of Brazil. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 60: 399-490 (page 439, pl. 3, figs. 25, 26 queen described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.(page 545, fig. major, minor described)