| Pheidole cramptoni|
Wheeler, W.M., 1916
Longino (1997) found two colonies in primary rainforest on the Costa Rican Atlantic slope, one nesting in a rotting cavity ofa live branch, the other in a dead stick. Douglas Yu (specimen data) discovered a colony in Peru in cavities of the myrmecophyte Cordia nodosa. Colonies have been found in rainforest nesting in dead sticks and in the cavities of live myrmecophytes of the genera Cordia and Piper. Winged reproductives have been collected in nests in different localities from April to November. (Wilson 2003)
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Biology
- 6 Nomenclature
- 7 References
See the description in the nomenclature section.
Keys including this Species
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
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Lenko & Brown found this species twice near Manaus, in the heart of Amazoniam Brazil, during 1962. The first collection (M-101) was a large colony or group of colonies found under the bark of a large, punky "white-rotten" log in rain forest at km 40 on the road from Manaus to Itacoatiara, NE of Manaus (27. VIII_1962), The second colony with winged queens was taken in the base of a rotten branch of a tree about 2 m above the ground in second growth forest bordering a plantation of "Brazil" nut or "castanha do Para", at Aleixo, 14 km SE Manaus, on 11.IX. 1961. In Guyana, as indicated by Wheeler, this species has been found nesting in hollow petioles of Tachigalia. (Kempf and Brown 1968).
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- cramptoni. Pheidole cramptoni Wheeler, W.M. 1916c: 4 (s.w.) GUYANA. Senior synonym of petiolicola: Kempf & Brown, 1968: 97. See also: Wilson, 2003: 677.
- petiolicola. Pheidole cramptoni subsp. petiolicola Wheeler, W.M. 1921f: 147 (s.w.) GUYANA. Junior synonym of cramptoni: Kempf & Brown, 1968: 97.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Major: in side view frontal lobes project forward as equilateral triangles; humeri angulate, seen from above projecting slightly beyond the rest of the pronotum below it; propodeal spiracle very large, its diameter greater than the base of the propodeal spine in side view; postpetiole oval from above; head bicolored (see Color below); all of frontal lobes and space between frontal carinae filled with carinulae, which reach halfway from the level of the eyes to the level of the occiput.
Minor: propodeal spiracle large, about as wide as the base of the propodeal spine; humerus in dorsal-oblique view angulate; postpetiolar node from side well developed.
MEASUREMENTS (mm) Syntype major: HW 0.96, HL 1.20, SL 0.46, EL 0.10, PW 0.52. Syntype minor: HW 0.52, HL 0.58, SL 0.52, EL 0.08, PW 0.32.
COLOR Major: anterior half of dorsum of head yellow, contrasting with yellowish brown posterior half, also with yellowish brown mid-clypeus, frontal triangle, and antennal fossae; body yellowish brown.
Minor: concolorous yellowish brown.
Figure. Upper: syntype, major. Lower: syntype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.
GUYANA: Kartabo, col. W. M. Wheeler. Museum of Comparative Zoology - as reported in Wilson (2003)
Eponymous. (Wilson 2003)
- Kempf, W. W.; Brown, W. L., Jr. 1968. Report on some Neotropical ant studies. Pap. Avulsos Zool. (Sao Paulo) 22: 89-102 PDF (page 94, figs. 1, 2 worker described) (page 97, senior synonym of petiolicola)
- Wheeler, W. M. 1916c. Ants collected in British Guiana by the expedition of the American Museum of Natural History during 1911. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 35: 1-14 (page 4, soldier, worker described)
- Wheeler, W. M. 1916. Ants collected in British Guiana by the expedition of the American Museum of Natural History during 1911. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 35: 1–14.
- Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 677, fig. major, minor described)