Pheidole cuprina

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Pheidole cuprina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. cuprina
Binomial name
Pheidole cuprina
Wilson, 2003

Pheidole cuprina casent0627921 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole cuprina casent0627921 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

From Wilson (2003): The type colony was found in terra firme forest nesting in a rotten branch on the litter surface of the ground. It comprised a single queen and several hundred workers (Stefan Cover, personal communication).

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

I have seen an additional series of cuprina from Tingo Maria, Madre de Dios, Peru, collected by W. L. Brown. (Wilson 2003)

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Peru (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Minor

Major

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • cuprina. Pheidole cuprina Wilson, 2003: 678, figs. (s.w.) PERU.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

DIAGNOSIS A small, reddish yellow species belonging to a group of ambiguous species composing the "carapuna complex" (Pheidole boltoni, Pheidole carapuna, Pheidole cornicula, Pheidole eriophora, Pheidole jivaro, Pheidole manuana and Pheidole tristicula), close to the flavens group and possibly better placed there. All are relatively small in size, with the major possessing a reduced mesonotal convexity, as well as cephalic sculpturing that consists entirely of longitudinal carinulae extending to or almost to the occipital border seen in full face. All also have a minor with a broad, concave occiput, which lacks a collar.

Among these species, P. cuprina is close to carapuna but distinguished from it by color and the absence of foveolation on the postpetiolar node of the major and posterior three-fourths of the dorsal head surface of the minor.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW l.02, HL 1.16, SL 0.58, EL 0.16, PW 0.56. Paratype minor: HW 0.60, HL 0.66, SL 0.56, EL 0.12, PW 0.38.

COLOR Major and minor: concolorous medium yellow, with slight reddish tinge.


Pheidole cuprina Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Paratype Specimen Labels

Type Material

PERU: Cuzco Amaz6nico, 15 km northeast of Puerto Maldonado, Madre de Dios, 200 m, col. Stefan Cover. Museum of Comparative Zoology

Etymology

L cuprina, of copper, referring to the color.

References