Pheidole diana

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Pheidole diana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. diana
Binomial name
Pheidole diana
Forel, 1908

Pheidole diana jtlc000014082 profile 1.jpg

Pheidole diana jtlc000014082 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

An arboreal species that nests under epiphyte mats in the canopy of cloud forest and montane wet forest; some colonies are very large (Longino 1997).

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Upper elevations of Cordillera Central and Cordillera de Tilaran, Costa Rica, including the Braulio Carrillo National Park, Penas Blancas Valley, and Monteverde (Longino 1997).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Costa Rica (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Minor

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • diana. Pheidole diana Forel, 1908b: 51 (s.w.q.) COSTA RICA. See also: Wilson, 2003: 187.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

From Wilson (2003): A medium-sized member of the diligens group, and inhabitant of high montane forests, similar to Pheidole alfaroi, Pheidole laelaps, Pheidole riveti, Pheidole seligmanni and Pheidole tepuicola, somewhat less so to Pheidole laticornis and Pheidole strigosa, and distinguished from these and other Pheidole species by the following combination of traits.

Major: sculpturing confined to carinulae on margins of frontal lobes, anterior third of the head capsule, and entire surface of the propodeum, with the rest of the body smooth and shiny; propodeal spines reduced to denticles; postpetiole from above diamond-shaped.

Minor: sculpturing confined to circular carinulae of antennal fossae and transverse carinulae of dorsal propodeal surface, with the rest of the body smooth and shiny; propodeal spines absent; basal and declivitous faces of propodeum meet in an obtuse angle; nuchal collar absent.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Lectotype major: HW 1.40, HL 1.44, SL 0.90, EL 0.22, PW 0.72. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.66, HL 0.76, SL 0.72, EL 0.12, PW 0.44.

COLOR Major: appendages and most of body medium reddish yellow; gaster a slightly darker shade of plain light brown.

Minor: body concolorous plain light brown; appendages a slightly contrasting lighter shade.


Pheidole diana Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Lectotype Specimen Labels

Type Material

COSTA RICA: Las Palmas, near Bajo la Hondura, Braulio Carrillo National Park. Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève - as reported in Wilson (2003)

Etymology

No allusion given; presumably after Diana, the Roman goddess of nature, fertility and conception, and the Moon. (Wilson 2003)

References

  • Forel, A. 1908c. Fourmis de Costa-Rica récoltées par M. Paul Biolley. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 44: 35-72 (page 51, soldier, worker, queen described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 187, fig. major, minor described)