Pheidole distorta

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Pheidole distorta
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. distorta
Binomial name
Pheidole distorta
Forel, 1899

Pheidole distorta casent0908309 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole distorta casent0908309 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Nothing is known about the biology of distorta.

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Known only from Magdalena, northern Colombia. (Wilson 2003)

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Colombia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Minor

Major

Queen

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • distorta. Pheidole distorta Forel, 1899c: 74 (footnote) (s.w.) COLOMBIA. Combination in P. (Trachypheidole): Emery, 1915i: 190. See also: Wilson, 2003: 253.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

From Wilson (2003): A bizarre member of the distorta group, closest to Pheidole monstrosa, Pheidole reclusi and Pheidole scapulata, distinguished from these and other species in the group by the absence of propodeal spines and, in the major, by an extreme bulging, “humpback” promesonotal profile, with the mesonotum descending to the basal propodeal face by a long vertical plane. Also remarkable in the contrast between the heavily sculptured major, with the dorsa of the head and promesonotum rugoreticulum, and the entirely smooth and shiny minor.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Major (Parque Tayrona, Colombia): HW 1.16, HL 1.36, SL 0.56, EL 0.14, PW 0.82. Minor (Parque Tayrona): HW 0.60, HL 0.60, SL 0.56, EL 0.12, PW 0.38.

COLOR Major: body concolorous dark reddish brown except for gaster, which is blackish brown.

Minor: body concolorous medium reddish brown except for gaster, which is blackish brown; mandibles yellow.


Pheidole distorta Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: major. Lower: minor. COLOMBIA: Parque Tayrona, Magdalena. (Minor compared with syntype in Forel Collection, Mus. Hist. Nat. Genève.) Scale bars = 1 mm.

Syntype Specimen Labels

Type Material

Santa Marta, Magdalena. Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève - as reported in Wilson (2003)

Etymology

L distorta, misshapen, deformed. (Wilson 2003)

References

  • Emery, C. 1915g. Noms de sous-genres et de genres proposés pour la sous-famille des Myrmicinae. Modifications à la classification de ce groupe (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 1915: 189-192 (page 190, Combination in P. (Trachypheidole))
  • Forel, A. 1899e. Formicidae. [part]. Biol. Cent.-Am. Hym. 3: 57-80 (page 74, soldier, worker described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 253, fig. major, minor described)