The types were collected from a soil nest.
Bharti (2001) - The species P. duneraensis is somewhat allied to Pheidole malinsii and Pheidole terraceensis; but can be easily separated from both. From P. malinsii as; propodeum smooth and shining in malinsii; densely punctured in P. duneraensis; petiole appendage with a spine in malinsii; without spine in duneraensis; gaster longitudinally striate in basal half in malinsii; but densely punctured in basal half and finely punctured in rest of it in duneraensis. P. duneraensis can also be separated from P. terraceensis as; clypeal incision ending into acute teeth in terraceensis; blunt teeth in duneraensis; propodeal spines long in terraceensis; short in duneraensis; alitrunk rugulose along with fine punctures in terraceensis; but densely punctured without rugae in duneraensis. Both species differ remarkably in measurement indices, discussed in text, apart from other differences.
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
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The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- duneraensis. Pheidole duneraensis Bharti, 2001: 245, figs. 6-10 (s.w.) INDIA.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Holotype Major: Length : 4.66 mm; Head length: 1.66 mm; Head width; 1.5 mm; Scapc length: 1.33 mm; Scape index: 88.8; Eye diameter: 0.24 mm; Pronotal width: 0.83 mm; Alitrunk length: 1.66 mm: Cephalic index: 90.36; Mandibular index: 40.16.
Head: Almost as long as broad, narrowing anteriorly; mandibles with two apical teeth, with strong curving dentate inner margin; antenna! club formed by apical 3 joints, which are longer than preceding joints; antenna! scrobes distinct up to length of scape; scape short by l/3rd of its length of head: eyes slightly below mid-line of head, piaced more towards front; frontal carinae diverging posteriorly; clypeus incised anteriorly with blunt denticles, posteriorly extending in between frontal carinae; clypeus carinate in middle; head rugulosc, area between rugae and in scrobes densely punctured; mandibles finely punctured.
Alitrunk, Petiole and Post-Petiole: Pronotum with blunt large tubercles; promesonotal suture obsolete; mcsonotum with faint transverse ridge; metanotal groove narrow, low lying and deep; propodeal spines short and blunt; petiole with short semi-transparent appendage; petiole rectangular seen from front, anterior margin bluntly dentate; upper margin slightly emarginate with indistinct lateral denticles; post-petiole with blunt lateral margins, broader than long (0.8: 1.5): petiole and postpetiole, 0.75:1.5: pronotum with transverse rugae anteriorly, rest of alitrunk: petiole, postpetiole very densely punctured.
Gaster: Oval. first tergite very densely and remaining tergites finely punctured.
Head, anterior part of alitrunk (pronotum, mesonotum): postpetiole; gaster almost black: remaining dark reddish brown.
Paratype Minor: Length: 3 mm; Head length 0.66 mm; Head width: 0.60 mm; Scape length: 1.13 mm; Scape index: 188.3; Eye diameter : 0.16 mm; Pronotal width : 0.41 mm; Alitrunk : 1.29 mm: Cephalic index: 90.90.
Head oval posteriorly, straightening up anteriorly; mandibles with 3rd tooth reduced: scape long, extending beyond top of head by more than half of its length: eyes slightly above mid-line of head: pronotum rounded above: propodeal spines small and acute: propodeum with flat anterior portion; petiole triangular without appendaga; postpetiole oval; head finely punctured; alitrunk densely punctured with few irregular striations; petiole, postpetiole, gaster finely punctured; rest like major except dark reddish brown colour replaced by yellowish brown.
Holotype: Worker (Major); India, Dunera, Himachal Pradesh; 700 Mtrs.; 8.III.2000; Bharti, H. Paratypes: 8 majors, 9 minors with same data as of holotype.
Species is named after its type locality, Dunera, Himachal Pradesh.