Pheidole fera

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Pheidole fera
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. fera
Binomial name
Pheidole fera
Santschi, 1925

Pheidole fera casent0913328 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole fera casent0913328 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Nothing is known about the biology of fera.

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Known only from Minas Gerais. (Wilson 2003)

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • fera. Pheidole guilelmimuelleri var. fera Santschi, 1925d: 227 (s.w.) BRAZIL. Raised to species: Wilson, 2003: 689.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

DIAGNOSIS From Wilson (2003): Similar in various traits to Pheidole amata, Pheidole ambigua, Pheidole celaena, Pheidole germaini, Pheidole peruviana, Pheidole rutilana, Pheidole schwarzmaieri, Pheidole superba and Pheidole vomer, differing as follows.

Major: distinct mesonotal convexity absent in side view, with promesonotal profile a continuous weakly convex curve that drops as a steep face to the metanotum; center of mid-c1ypeal carina projects forward as a process in dorsal-oblique view; posterior half of head smooth and shiny except for carinulae along the dorsal midline, which reach occiput; anterior half of head almost all carinulate, with no rugoreticulum; humeri subangulate in dorsal-oblique view; postpetiole diamond-shaped seen from above; apex ofpetiolar node acute in side view.

Minor: occiput narrowed, with a nuchal collar; apex of petiolar node acute in side view; central third of dorsum of head and almost all of meso soma foveolate.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Lectotype major: HW 1.96, HL 1.24, SL 0.94, EL 0.24, PW 0.76. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.64, HL 0.74, SL 0.84, EL 0.14, PW 0.44.

COLOR Major: head and mandibles light reddish brown; rest of body plain medium brown; other appendages dark yellow.

Minor: body plain dark brown, appendages plain light brown.


Pheidole fera Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: lectotype, major (dorsal-oblique view of meso soma and dorsal view of petiole based on paralectotype major). Lower: paralectotype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

BRAZIL: Minas Gerais. Naturhistorisches Museum Basel - as reported in Wilson (2003)

Etymology

L fera, wild, untamed. (Wilson 2003)

References

  • Santschi, F. 1925d. Nouveaux Formicides brésiliens et autres. Bull. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 65: 221-247 (page 227, soldier, worker described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 689, fig. major, minor described, Raised to species: new status)