Pheidole gibbata

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Pheidole gibbata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. gibbata
Binomial name
Pheidole gibbata
Borgmeier, 1934

Ward’s Colombian series was sifted from litter and rotting wood in dry tropical forest (Wilson 2003)

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

From Wilson (2003): Known from the type locality (Paramaribo, Suriname) and Cañaveral, Magdalena, Colombia, 200 m, col. Philip S. Ward.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Colombia, Suriname (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • gibbata. Pheidole transversostriata subsp. gibbata Borgmeier, 1934: 101 (s.w.) SURINAM. Raised to species: Wilson, 2003: 636.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

From Wilson (2003): DIAGNOSIS A very small, yellowish brown member of the tachigaliae group, closest to Pheidole mendicula (q.v.) and differing from that species as follows.

Major: occiput transversely carinulate; rugoreticula present between eye and antennal fossa and on pronotal dorsum; transverse midpronotal carina less prominent and not protruding from dorsal pronotal profile in side view.

Minor: head and pronotum smooth and shiny.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Lectotype major: HW 0.56, HL 0.60, SL 0.30, EL 0.08, PW 0.36. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.32, HL 0.38, SL 0.26, EL 0.06, PW 0.24.

COLOR Major: body medium yellowish brown except for gaster, which is light brown.

Minor: concolorous medium yellowish brown.


Pheidole gibbata Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.


Type Material

SURINAME: Paramaribo. Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo - as reported in Wilson (2003)

Etymology

L gibbata, hump-backed, crooked. (Wilson 2003)

References

  • Borgmeier, T. 1934. Contribuiça~o para o conhecimento da fauna mirmecológica dos cafezais de Paramaribo, Guiana Holandesa (Hym. Formicidae). Arch. Inst. Biol. Veg. (Rio J.) 1: 93-111 (page 101, soldier, worker described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 636, Raised to species: new status, fig. major , minor described)