Pheidole longiscapa

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Pheidole longiscapa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. longiscapa
Binomial name
Pheidole longiscapa
Forel, 1901

MCZ-ENT00020696 Pheidole longiscapa hal.jpg

MCZ-ENT00020696 Pheidole longiscapa had.jpg

Type Label


Nothing is known about the biology of longiscapa.


See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species


Only known from the type locality.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil, Venezuela (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • longiscapa. Pheidole longiscapa Forel, 1901e: 358 (s.w.m.) VENEZUELA. Senior synonym of martensis: Wilson, 2003: 205.
  • martensis. Pheidole longiscapa r. martensis Forel, 1914c: 615 (s.w.) COLOMBIA. Junior synonym of longiscapa: Wilson, 2003: 205.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


From Wilson (2003): A small, yellow member of the diligens group whose major is notable for its long propodeal spines, very sparse pilosity, mostly smooth and shiny body surface (but with partially shagreened first gastral segment), and small patch of rugoreticulum mesad to each eye. Similar to Pheidole triconstricta but with bilobous (not trilobous) promesonotal profile in dorsal-oblique view and in other details of body form and sculpture. See also Pheidole diligens and Pheidole radoszkowskii.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Lectotype major: HW 0.96, HL 0.90, SL 0.80, EL 0.14, PW 0.48. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.52, HL 0.64, SL 0.84, EL 0.12, PW 0.34.

COLOR Major: concolorous yellow, with the head and mesosoma a shade darker than the waist, gaster, and appendages.

Minor: concolorous yellow.

Pheidole longiscapa Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Lectotype Specimen Labels

Type Material

BRAZIL: Belém, Pará. Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève - as reported in Wilson (2003)


L lemur, ghost, shade of the departed, possibly alluding to the pale color of both castes. (Wilson 2003)


  • Forel, A. 1901j. Variétés myrmécologiques. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 45: 334-382 (page 358, soldier, worker, male described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 205, fig. major, minor described, Senior synonym of martensis)