Pheidole maculifrons

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Pheidole maculifrons
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. maculifrons
Binomial name
Pheidole maculifrons
Wheeler, W.M., 1929

Pheidole-maculifronsL6.3.jpg

Pheidole-maculifronsD6.3.jpg

Type Specimen Label

Identification

Wheeler (1929) - This species seems to be most closely related to Pheidole hortensis of Java, but is evidently quite distinct and unlike any of the species hitherto described from the Philippines or any of several undescribed species from those islands in my collection.

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Philippines (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • maculifrons. Pheidole maculifrons Wheeler, W.M. 1929g: 42, fig. 5 (s.) PHILIPPINES.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Soldier. Length nearly 2 mm.

Head subrectangular, about 1 1/4- times as long as broad, as broad in front as behind, with feebly and evenly convex sides and medially rather deeply excised posterior border; front and occipital corners convex, the latter somewhat turned upward, leaving a distinct concavity between them and the swollen front. Occipital groove deep and very short, continued forward only to this cavity. Eyes well-developed, convex, about as long as their distance from the anterior corners of the head. Mandibles convex, with two coarse apical teeth. Clypeus short and rather fiat, the anterior border sinuate in the middle and on each side. Frontal area deeply impressed; frontal groove obsolete; frontal carinae more than half as long as the antennal scapes, widely diverging posteriorly. Antennae slender; scapes curved, reaching nearly to the middle of the sides of the head; funicular joints 2-7 subequal, distinctly broader than long, together shorter than the club, the two basal joints of which are as long as the terminal joint, the latter with a long and distinct point. Thorax small, decidedly shorter than the head, the pro-and mesonotum voluminous and convex, together forming a projecting, hemispherical mass in profile; seen from above the pronotum is twice as broad as long, transverse, with large, bluntly angular humeri; promesonotal suture distinct. Mesonotum feebly convex, descending rather abruptly to the epinotum, without transverse groove or toms. Epinotum very small and low, scarcely more than half as high as the pronotum, higher than long, with the base horizontal and somewhat shorter than the steep declivity and two acute teeth as long as broad at their bases, directed upward and somewhat backward. Petiolar node anteroposteriorly compressed, its upper border entire and distinctly pointed or acuminate in the middle. Postpetiole small, transverse, more than twice as broad as long, produced and bluntly angulate on each side; in profile its dorsal surface is very convex but not quite as high as the petiolar node. Gaster elliptical, about as large as the head. Femora and tibiae somewhat incrassated.

Shining; mandibles and clypeus smooth, the former with a few scattered punctures; anterior two-thirds of head longitudinally rugose, the rugae slender, widely separated on the front, more numerous on the sides, the interrugal spaces smooth and flat; posterior third of head loosely and somewhat transversely reticulate-rugose. Remainder of body smooth and shining, except the mesopleurae, which are finely and densely punctate.

Hairs yellow, coarse, moderately long and abundant on the body, much shorter and oblique or subappressed on the appendages. Pale castaneous brown; mandibles, clypeus, front, cheeks, mesonotum, mesopleurae, sides and anterior portion of pronotum, antennae and legs ivory yellow; clypeus and front spotted with brown; borders of mandibles black.

Type Material

A single specimen from Los Banos, Luzon Island, Philippines.

References

  • Baltazar, C. R. 1966. A catalogue of Philippine Hymenoptera (with a bibliography, 1758-1963). Pac. Insects Monogr. 8: 1-488 (page 256, listed)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1929h. Ants collected by Professor F. Silvestri in Formosa, the Malay Peninsula and the Philippines. Boll. Lab. Zool. Gen. Agrar. R. Sc. Super. Agric. 24: 27-64 (page 42, fig. 5 soldier described)