Pheidole mirabilis

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Pheidole mirabilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. mirabilis
Binomial name
Pheidole mirabilis
Wilson, 2003

All of the three series were collected in montane rainforest. A seed cache was found in the nest of the type colony. (Wilson 2003)

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Known from three localities in Valle, at 1570-1700 m. (Wilson 2003)

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Colombia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • mirabilis. Pheidole mirabilis Wilson, 2003: 722, figs. (s.w.) COLOMBIA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

DIAGNOSIS Similar to Pheidole binasifera, Pheidole diabolus, Pheidole gravida, Pheidole moseni, Pheidole mosenopsis, Pheidole nasifera, Pheidole rhinoceros, Pheidole unicornis but unique among Pheidole, and all ants, for the complex armament at the front of the major's head.

Major: a spike emerges from the middle carina of the clypeus; the clypeus divides into two layers, each of which projects a pair of angulate processes down and forward; carinulae originating on the frontal carinae tum outward and travel toward the sides of the head; rugoreticulum present mesad to eye; most of posterior third of dorsal head surface smooth; propodeal spines vertical to propodeal basal face.

Minor: dorsal mesosomal surface mostly covered by widely spaced transverse carinulae; propodeal spines vertical to propodeal basal face; postpetiolar node low in side view.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.24, HL 1.64, SL 0.64, EL 0.14, PW 0.70. Paratype minor: HW 0.64, HL 0.74, SL 0.62, EL 0.10, PW 0.42.

COLOR Major: body medium reddish brown, legs yellowish brown.

Minor: body plain medium brown except for gaster, which is plain light brown; appendages yellowish brown.


Pheidole mirabilis Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

COLOMBIA: Pance, Mun. de Cali, Valle, 1700 m, col. W. L. Brown and S. Chaplin. Museum of Comparative Zoology

Etymology

L mirabilis, wonderful, strange, alluding to the armament of the major.

References