In Costa Rica, Longino (1997). found a colony nesting in a flat cavity beneath loose bark on top of a rotten log; and in Panama, Alfred E. Emerson found it in small cavities inside a rotten log. (Wilson 2003)
See the description in the nomenclature section.
Keys including this Species
Occurs in tropical forests in Panama and, according to Longino (Longino 1997), the southwestern lowlands of Costa Rica.
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- multispina. Pheidole multispina Wilson, 2003: 466, figs. (s.w.) PANAMA.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Major: in side view, promesonotal convexity raised as a right angle that drops off through a long, steep face to the metanotum; in dorsal-oblique view the pronotum, mesonotum, and propodeum each bear conspicuous paired angles or spines; the pronotal angles from above extend far beyond the rest of the pronotum below, and the propodeal spines are large and equilaterally triangular; head quadrate in full-face view, with posterior half smooth and anterior half partly carinulate; posterior half of dorsal head profile weakly concave; all of mesosoma and dorsal surface of head foveolate.
Minor: mesosoma configured as described for major; occiput very broad and flat.
MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.70, HL 0.72, SL 0.34, EL 0.12, PW 0.40. Paratype minor: HW 0.40, HL 0.40, SL 0.32, EL 0.06, PW 0.24.
COLOR Major: head and mandibles light brown; mesosoma and other appendages medium brown; gaster dark, almost blackish brown.
Minor: the Panamanian types are dark brown; specimens from Costa Rica vary from reddish yellow to reddish brown.
Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.
PANAMA: Barro Colorado Island. Museum of Comparative Zoology
L multispina, many spines.
- Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 466, fig. major, minor described)