Pheidole nesiota

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Pheidole nesiota
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. nesiota
Binomial name
Pheidole nesiota
Wilson, 2003

Rosumek (2017) assessed trophic resource use and period of activity within the ant community in a southern Brazil Atlantic forest. He found, relative to other Pheidole sampled in this study, Pheidole lucretii, Pheidole nesiota, and Pheidole sigillata had similar patterns and broadly used the most attractive resources. Pheidole nesiota also showed a slight preference for foraging during the day.

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Only known from the type locality.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • nesiota. Pheidole nesiota Wilson, 2003: 327, figs. (s.w.) BRAZIL.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

A member of the fallax group, similar to Pheidole aenescens, Pheidole bergi, Pheidole chrysops, Pheidole cordiceps and Pheidole midas, distinguished as follows.

Major: antennal scape slightly exceeds occipital corner; all of promesonotum foveolate and opaque; anterior third of pronotum carinulate; rugoreticulum on head confined to area mesad to eye; mesonotal convexity in side view followed posteriorly by second, feeble convexity, which is also anterior to the metanotal depression; propodeal spines small; carinulae on frontal lobes limited to margins; postpetiole diamond-shaped.

Minor: humerus obtuse-angulate in dorsal-oblique view; propodeal spine equilaterally triangular; promesonotum entirely foveolate and opaque; occiput narrowed, with nuchal collar.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.16, HL 1.16, SL 1.00, EL 0.20, PW 0.60. Paratype minor: HW 0.50, HL 0.62, SL 0.86, EL 0.14, PW 0.34.

COLOR Major: body medium brown, appendages yellowish brown.

Minor: yellowish brown except for tarsi, which are clear yellow.


Pheidole nesiota Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

BRAZIL: Cananeia, Ilha do Cordoso-Mata, col. L. C. Duarte. Museum of Comparative Zoology

Etymology

Gr nesiota, islander, referring to the type locality.

References