Pheidole ochracea

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Pheidole ochracea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. ochracea
Binomial name
Pheidole ochracea
Eguchi, 2008

Pheidole ochracea casent0911218 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole ochracea casent0911218 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This species usually occurs in forests and woody habitats, and nests in the soil and sometimes in abandoned termite mounds. This species is preyed upon by Aenictus dentatus.

Identification

Pheidole ochracea, Pheidole elongicephala and Pheidole binghamii are morphologically very similar to each other. Differences between P. ochracea and P. elongicephala are given under the remarks of P. elongicephala. Difference between P. ochracea and P. binghamii are as follows: mound on the posterior slope of the promesonotal dome is less developed in the minor of P. ochracea than in that of P. binghamii; body of minor yellowish-brown in the former, but usually brown to dark-brown in the latter. Pheidole ochracea and P. binghamii are sympatric in S. Vietnam. (Eguchi 2008)

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Known from Vietnam and S. China.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: Vietnam (type locality).
Palaearctic Region: China.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • ochracea. Pheidole ochracea Eguchi, 2008: 63, figs. 17a-h (s.w.) VIETNAM.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype (major). — HL 1.79 mm; HW 1.61 mm; CI 90; SL 0.98 mm; SI 61; FL 1.31 mm; FI 81. Nontype major (n=4). — HL 1.74–1.89 mm; HW 1.58–1.65 mm; CI 86–92; SL 0.99–1.03 mm; SI 62–63; FL 1.33–1.39 mm; FI 83–85. Minor (n=5, including one paratype minor). — HL 0.72–0.83 mm; HW 0.57–0.66 mm; CI 79–80; SL 0.88–1.00 mm; SI 148–154; FL 0.91–1.06 mm; FI 154–162.

Major — Body deep yellowish-brown or sometimes brown or deep reddish-brown, with paler appendages. Head in lateral view at most weakly impressed on vertex; vertexal lobes in full-face view relatively close to each other; frons and anterior part of vertex longitudinally rugose; posterior part of vertex and dorsum of vertexal lobe reticulate or rugoso-reticulate; clypeus without a median longitudinal carina; frontal carina conspicuous; antennal scrobe very shallow; hypostoma with low or inconspicuous median and low or inconspicuous submedian processes in addition to conspicuous lateral processes; antenna with a 3-segmented club; maximal diameter of eye (a little) shorter than antennal segment X. Promesonotal dome smooth and shining, with transverse rugulae; a conspicuous prominence present on its posterior slope; humerus of the dome not or hardly produced laterad; the dome at the humeri much narrower than at the bottom; mesopleuron and metapleuron weakly punctured, overlain by rugoso-reticulation; propodeal spine narrowly based, usually slightly curved apically. Petiole longer than postpetiole (excluding helcium); postpetiole not massive. First gastral tergite smooth and shining entirely, or rarely shagreened only around its articulation with postpetiole.

Minor — Body yellowish-brown, with paler appendages. Head in full-face view elliptical; frons and vertex smooth and shining, or partly shagreened; median portion of clypeus smooth and shining, without a median longitudinal carina; occipital carina well-developed; antenna with a 3-segmented club; scape extending far beyond posterolateral margin of head; maximal diameter of eye much shorter than antennal segment X; 6–7 ommatidia present on the long axis of eye. Promesonotal dome smooth and shining, in lateral view with a low mound on its gentle posterior slope; humerus in dorso-oblique view not raised/produced; mesopleuron, metapleuron and lateral face of propodeum punctured, often overlain by weak rugulae (sculpure on the lateral face of propodeum often weaker than mesopleuron and metapleuron); propodeal spine elongate-triangular, directing upward. Petiole a little longer than postpetiole (excluding helcium); postpetiole not massive.

Type Material

Holotype: major (Entomological Collection of the Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources), S. Cat Tien N.P. (forest along Bird Lake Trail < ca. 160 m alt.), Dong Nai, S. Vietnam (K. Eguchi leg., 14 Oct 2004, colony: Eg04-VN-621) [IEBR], examined; paratypes: 5 majors & 6 minors, same data as holotype (IEBR, Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève, Museum of Comparative Zoology & ACKE), examined.

References

  • Eguchi, K. 2008. A revision of Northern Vietnamese species of the ant genus Pheidole (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Zootaxa. 1902:1-118. PDF