Pheidole pararugiceps

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Pheidole pararugiceps
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. pararugiceps
Binomial name
Pheidole pararugiceps
Longino, 2009

Pheidole pararugiceps casent0609019 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole pararugiceps casent0609019 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Pheidole pararugiceps is known from four different collections, all from the same locality. They were collected at the 1070m site on the Barva transect in Braulio Carrillo National Park. This is a very wet forested site. The four collections were from the ALAS project. Two were Winkler samples of sifted leaf litter from the forest floor; one was in a pan trap on the ground, and one was a Berlese sample of rotting wood and fungi. (Longino 2009)


This is one of the few species in which the minor worker completely lacks propodeal spines. It is like an orange and slightly larger version of Pheidole rugiceps, with which it is sympatric. Minor worker: color orange, size larger (HW > 0.50), and scapes relatively long (SI > 160), versus color usually dark brown to black (rarely orange), size smaller (HW < 0.45), and scapes relatively shorter (SI < 150) (rugiceps). Major worker: color as in minor worker; vertex lobes smooth and shining, size larger (HW > 1.00), versus longitudinal rugulae covering entire face, to posterior margin of vertex, and size smaller (HW < 0.95) (rugiceps). (Longino 2009)


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Costa Rica (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb







The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • pararugiceps. Pheidole pararugiceps Longino, 2009: 58, fig. 16 (s.w.) COSTA RICA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Minor Measurements (paratype): HL 0.61, HW 0.51, HLA 0.21, SL 0.82, EL 0.14, ML 0.78, PSL 0.00, PMG 0.02, SPL 0.04, PTW 0.09, PPW 0.11, CI 82, SI 163, PSLI 0, PMGI 3, SPLI 7, PPI 123.

Measurements (n=5): HL 0.61-0.67, HW 0.50-0.56, SL 0.80-0.87, CI 79-83, SI 156-163.

Mandible and clypeus smooth and shiny; face foveolate with irregular shiny patches medially; margin of vertex rounded; occipital carina narrow, visible in full face view; scape with abundant subdecumbent pubescence and scattered suberect setae that are slightly longer than maximum width of scape; promesonotal groove present; propodeal spines absent; pronotum smooth and shiny with band of faint foveolae anteriorly; katepisternum and propodeum foveolate; sparse erect setae on mesosomal dorsum; dorsal (outer) margin of hind tibia with subdecumbent pilosity and 3 pairs of erect setae subequal in length to maximum width of tibia; first gastral tergum smooth and shining; gastral dorsum with abundant erect setae; color orange.

Major Measurements (holotype): HL 1.08, HW 1.02, HLA 0.27, SL 0.80, EL 0.18, ML 0.88, PSL 0.04, PMG 0.03, SPL 0.06, PTW 0.13, PPW 0.20, IHT 0.25, OHT 0.40, CI 95, SI 78, PSLI 4, PMGI 3, SPLI 5, PPI 153, HTI 61.

Measurements (n=2): HL 1.08-1.18, HW 1.02-1.12, SL 0.80-0.84, CI 95-95 , SI 75-78. Mandibles shiny, with coarse piligerous puncta, blunt longitudinal striae basally; clypeus smooth and flat with straight anterior margin; face with deep median groove, longitudinal rugae anteriorly, concentric around antennal insertion, radiating obliquely from between frontal carinae, fading to smooth and shining vertex lobes; head with abundant suberect setae projecting from sides of head in face view; scape smooth and shining, terete at base, with abundant erect setae longer than maximum width of scape; hypostomal margin flat; median tooth present, blunt; inner hypostomal teeth blunt, stout, slightly closer to midline than to outer hypostomal teeth; promesonotal groove present; propodeal spines present, short; pronotum smooth and shining; katepisternum and propodeum foveolate; dorsal (outer) margin of hind tibia with pilosity similar to minor worker; pilosity abundant on mesosomal dorsum; postpetiole in dorsal view trapezoidal; first gastral tergite smooth and shining, with abundant erect setae; color orange.

Type Material

Holotype major worker. Costa Rica, Heredia: 16km SSE La Virgen, 10.26667°N 84.08333°W, ±2000m, 1100m, 20 Feb 2001 (ALAS#11/WF/01/48) Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, unique specimen identifier INB0003213441.

Paratypes: major and minor workers. Same data as holotype; same locality as holotype but 10 Mar 2001 (Alas#11/TN/08/013), 20 Feb 2001 (ALAS#11/WF/01/41, 11/WF/01/all) The Natural History Museum, California Academy of Sciences, Field Museum of Natural History, Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, John T. Longino Collection, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History, Museum of Comparative Zoology, University of California, Davis, National Museum of Natural History.


The name is in reference to the similarity to P. rugiceps.


  • Longino, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole. Zootaxa 2181: 1-90. PDF