Pheidole planifrons

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Pheidole planifrons
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. planifrons
Binomial name
Pheidole planifrons
Santschi, 1920

Pheidole planifrons casent0913394 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole planifrons casent0913394 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This species occurs from forest edges to rather woody habitats, and nests in the soil and rarely in the walls of termite mounds on the ground.

Identification

Eguchi (2008) - This species is well characterized among Indo-Chinese species by the combination of the following features: in the major frontal carina well developed horizontally, partly overhanging antennal scrobe; in the major gena much more than 1.5 times as long as maximal diameter of eye; in the minor frons and vertex smooth or shagreened; in the minor preoccipital carina conspicuous dorsally and laterally; in the major hypostoma without median and submedian processes; in the major and minor posterior slope of promesonotal dome with a mound; in the minor dorsum of mesosoma sparsely with thick and short standing hairs which is somewhat stubbed apically; in the major first gastral tergite longitudinally rugoso-punctate entirely or largely.

This species is similar to Pheidole yeensis Forel. In the major of the latter, however, vertex in lateral view is strongly impressed in front of vertexal lobe; and frons is sparsely sculptured with longitudinal rugulae. The majors of this species and Pheidole capellinii are similar to each other, but morphology of the minor is very different between the two (see under P. capellinii).

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Known from N. Vietnam, S. Vietnam, Thailand and Java.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: Thailand, Vietnam (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • planifrons. Pheidole planifrons Santschi, 1920h: 166, fig. 1 (s.w.) VIETNAM. [Also described as new by Santschi, 1924c: 105.] See also: Eguchi, 2008: 77.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Eguchi (2008) - Major (n=5). — HL 2.01–2.11 mm; HW 1.75–1.85 mm; CI 86–88; SL 0.84–0.92 mm; SI 45–51; FL 1.38–1.44 mm; FI 75–81. Minor (n=5). — HL 0.65–0.71 mm; HW 0.54–0.57 mm; CI 80–83; SL 0.83–0.87 mm; SI 153–155; FL 0.90–0.98 mm; FI 167–172.

Major — Head in lateral view with vertex which forms a gentle (and often weakly impressed) slope toward vertexal lobe; frons flat, densely rugose longitudinally, with sparse and very short appressed hairs, but without standing hairs except on the marginal area; vertex and dorsal and lateral faces of vertexal lobe reticulate or rugoso-reticulate, with standing hairs; frontal carina well developed horizontally, partly overhanging antennal scrobe; clypeus without median longitudinal carina; hypostoma without median and submedian processes, but with relatively small or low lateral processes; outer surface of mandible (excluding area around the base) smooth, with sparse and very short appressed hairs; antenna with a 3-segmented club; maximal diameter of eye longer than or almost as long as antennal segment X. Promesonotal dome in dorsal view rugose or rugoso-reticulate transversely, with interspaces/enclosures smooth or weakly punctured; the dome in lateral view with a conspicuous prominence or mound on its posterior slope; humerus very weakly produced laterad; the dome at the humeri as broad as or narrower than at the bottom. Petiole (a little) longer than postpetiole (excluding helcium); petiolar node in rear view weakly to strongly concave mediodorsally; postpetiole not massive. First gastral tergite longitudinally rugoso-punctate entirely (but its posteromedian part often polished).

Minor — Dorsum of head with sparse thick standing hairs; frons and vertex smooth or shagreened; preoccipital carina conspicuous dorsally and laterally; median part of clypeus smooth and shining; median longitudinal carina of clypeus absent, or present but very weak; antenna with a 3-segmented club; scape extending far beyond posterolateral margin of head; maximal diameter of eye shorter than antennal segment X. Dorsum of mesosoma with sparse thick and short standing hairs which are somewhat stubbed apically; promesonotal dome largely smooth and shining, in lateral view with a low mound on its posterior slope; humerus in dorso-oblique view not produced; mesopleuron, metapleuron and lateral face of propodeum well punctured. Petiole as long as or a little longer than postpetiole (excluding helcium); postpetiole relatively large.

Type Material

Eguchi (2008) - Syntypes: 2 majors & 3 minors, “Indochine Dalat (Bouvard)” [Dalat, Lam Dong, S. Vietnam], Naturhistorisches Museum Basel, examined.

References

  • Eguchi, K. 2008. A revision of Northern Vietnamese species of the ant genus Pheidole (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Zootaxa. 1902:1-118. PDF
  • Santschi, F. 1920h. Fourmis d'Indo-Chine. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 60: 158-176 (page 166, fig. 1 soldier, worker described)
  • Santschi, F. 1924c. Fourmis d'Indochine. Opusc. Inst. Sci. Indoch. 3:95-117 [= Faune Entomol. Indoch. Fr Fr: 95-117 [= (page 105, also described as new)