Pheidole rochai

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Pheidole rochai
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. rochai
Binomial name
Pheidole rochai
Forel, 1912

Pheidole rochai casent0904392 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole rochai casent0904392 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Nothing is known about the biology of P. rochai.

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Known with certainty only from the Ceará type series. I have not seen the series described by Santschi (1923d: 46) as “var. deflexa” from Paraguay. (Wilson 2003)

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Minor

Major

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • rochai. Pheidole lemur r. rochai Forel, 1912f: 226 (s.w.) BRAZIL. [Pheidole rochai Forel, 1908e: 65. Nomen nudum.] Raised to species: Wilson, 2003: 225.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

From Wilson (2003): A small yellow member of the diligens group whose major has a moderately prominent mesonotal convexity as part of a bilobous promesonotal outline seen in dorsal-oblique view; short, equilaterally triangular propodeal spine; overall mostly smooth and shiny body with sculpturing on the head confined to the eye level and anterior to it, and composed exclusively of longitudinal carinulae; and abundant medium-length, erect pilosity.

Close to Pheidole blumenauensis, Pheidole longiscapa, Pheidole perryorum, Pheidole tanyscapa and Pheidole vafra, but differing variously in head shape, eye size, sculpturing, and color. See also the less similar Pheidole lemur, Pheidole pubiventris, Pheidole seeldrayersi and Pheidole variegata (= Pheidole pubiventris), as illustrated.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Lectotype major: HW 0.92, HL 0.96, SL 0.76, EL 0.14, PW 0.56. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.50, HL 0.60, SL 0.74, EL 0.12, PW 0.34.

COLOR Major and minor: concolorous yellow.


Pheidole rochai Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Lectotype Specimen Labels

Type Material

BRAZIL: Ceará. Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève - as reported in Wilson (2003)

Etymology

Eponymous. (Wilson 2003)

References

  • Forel, A. 1912g. Formicides néotropiques. Part III. 3me sous-famille Myrmicinae (suite). Genres Cremastogaster et Pheidole. Mém. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 19: 211-237 (page 226, soldier, worker described)
  • Santschi, F. 1923d. Pheidole et quelques autres fourmis néotropiques. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 63: 45–69.
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 225, raised to species; new status)