Pheidole schmalzi

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Pheidole schmalzi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. schmalzi
Binomial name
Pheidole schmalzi
Emery, 1894

Pheidole schmalzi casent0904430 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole schmalzi casent0904430 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

This species is only known from type specimens. Nothing is known about its biology.

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Santa Catarina and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Bolivia; Venezuela. (Wilson 2003)

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Bolivia, Brazil (type locality), Venezuela.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Minor

Major

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • schmalzi. Pheidole dimidiata var. schmalzi Emery, 1894c: 161 (s.w.) BRAZIL. Raised to species and senior synonym of rata, rehi: Wilson, 2003: 504.
  • rehi. Pheidole rehi Forel, 1900e: 285 (s.w.q.m.) VENEZUELA. Junior synonym of schmalzi: Wilson, 2003: 504.
  • rata. Pheidole rata Borgmeier, 1929: 206, pl. 6, fig. 2; pl. 7, fig. 6 (s.w.) BRAZIL. Junior synonym of schmalzi: Wilson, 2003: 504.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

From Wilson (2003): DIAGNOSIS A medium-sized reddish yellow to brown member of the flavens group; both major and minor are immediately recognizable by the large, “shark-fin” shape of the humerus in dorsal-oblique view, meaning that the anterior margin is straight and the posterior margin convex in profile, tipped with an acute or right angle. Very similar to Pheidole angulifera, and in varying degree also to Pheidole arhuaca, Pheidole caulicola, Pheidole chalca, Pheidole chalcoides, Pheidole mincana, Pheidole sagana, Pheidole tambopatae and Pheidole tragica in overall appearance but distinctive in the humeral shape and other traits in body shape, sculpture, pilosity, and color.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Lectotype major: HW 0.94, HL 0.94, SL 0.46, EL 0.10, PW 0.48. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.50, HL 0.54, SL 0.58, EL 0.08, PW 0.34.

COLOR Lectotype major of schmalzi: body and appendages light brown, waist and gaster dark brown (rehi syntype major is yellowish brown; rata syntype major is light reddish yellow).

Paralectotype minors of schmalzi: body light to medium brown, appendages light brown. Syntype minors of synonymous rehi and rata: light brown.


Pheidole schmalzi Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: major (syntype of synonymous P. rata Borgmeier). Lower: minor (syntype of synonymous P. rata Borgmeier). BRAZIL: Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro, type locality of synonymous P. rata. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

Joinville, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa - as reported in Wilson (2003)

Etymology

Named after the collector “Signor Schmalz.” (Wilson 2003)

References

  • Emery, C. 1894d. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. VI-XVI. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 26: 137-241 (page 161, soldier, worker described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 504, fig. major, minor described, senior synonym of rehi, rata)