Pheidole sicaria

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Pheidole sicaria
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. sicaria
Binomial name
Pheidole sicaria
Wilson, 2003

Pheidole sicaria inbiocri002281990 p 1 high.jpg

Specimen Label

Known from mid-elevation rainforest and cloud forest. The types were collected by P. S. Ward on a palm trunk. Longino (1997) found two nests respectively in a clump of aroid roots and in loose dead leaves and fragments of carton lodged on the branch of a small Ocotea tree, whose hollow stems harbored a colony of Myrmelachista. (Wilson 2003)

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Mid-elevation, Atlantic slope; also upper elevation, to 700 m, Osa Peninsula of Costa Rica (Longino 1997).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Costa Rica (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Minor

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • sicaria. Pheidole sicaria Wilson, 2003: 232, figs. (s.w.) COSTA RICA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

A member of the diligens group, most similar in habitus to Pheidole scimitara of Peru, distinguished by the following traits.

Major: brown; antennal scape slightly exceeding occipital border; propodeal spine as long as the basal propodeal face; postpetiole from above laterally angulate; head capsule swollen, so that venter is strongly convex, and Head Width exceeds Head Length; humerus subangulate in dorsal-oblique view; anterior third of pronotal dorsum carinulate; head lacking rugoreticulum; anterior third of central strip of first gastral tergite shagreened.

Minor: propodeal spine as long as basal propodeal face; occiput narrowed, with nuchal collar.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.20, HL 1.16, SL 1.04, EL 0.22, PW 0.60. Paratype minor: HW 0.62, HL 0.72, SL 1.00, EL 0.14, PW 0.42.

COLOR Major: body, mandibles, and scape medium brown; rest of appendages light to yellowish brown.

Minor: body light brown, appendages yellowish brown.


Pheidole sicaria Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

COSTA RICA: Llorona, Corcovado National Park, col. Philip S. Ward. Museum of Comparative Zoology

Etymology

L sicaria, with dagger, assassin.

References