Pheidole simplex

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Pheidole simplex
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. simplex
Binomial name
Pheidole simplex
Wheeler, W.M., 1925

MCZ-ENT00023260 Pheidole biconstricta subsp simplex hal.jpg

MCZ-ENT00023260 Pheidole biconstricta subsp simplex had.jpg

Type Specimen Label

At Cuzco Amazónico, near Puerto Maldonado, Peru, Stefan Cover and John E. Tobin found a colony in terra firme forest, nesting in a rotten log. (Wilson 2003)

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Poorly known; records are from Amazonian Brazil and Peru. (Wilson 2003)

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil, Peru (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • simplex. Pheidole biconstricta subsp. simplex Wheeler, W.M. 1925a: 21 (s.) PERU. Raised to species: Wilson, 2003: 148.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

From Wilson (2003): Distinguished from other members of the biconstricta group by the dense, long, suberect to erect pilosity and reduced propodeal spines in both the major and minor castes. Also, only the anterior half of the first gastral tergite is shagreened and opaque.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Lectotype major: HW 1.42, HL 1.36, SL 0.92, EL 0.16, PW 0.68. Paralectotype minor (Aleixo, Brazil): HW 0.64, HL 0.74, SL 0.90, EL 0.14, PW 0.44.

COLOR Major and minor: yellowish red, with gaster of minor a slightly contrasting brownish yellow.


Pheidole simplex Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. lectotype, major (PERU: “Llinquipata”). Lower: minor (BRAZIL: Aleixo, near Manaus), compared with paralectotype from type locality. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Lectotype Specimen Labels

Type Material

PERU: “Llinquipata”. Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet and Museum of Comparative Zoology - as reported in Wilson (2003)

Etymology

L simplex, simple, anatomical reference unknown. (Wilson 2003)

References

  • Wheeler, W. M. 1925a. Neotropical ants in the collections of the Royal Museum of Stockholm. Ark. Zool. 17A(8 8: 1-55 (page 21, soldier described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 148, fig. Raised to species: new status)