The species occurs in both lowland and montane rainforest, where the colonies nest both in dead wood on the forest floor and in live plant cavities and under epiphytes; workers have been observed attending extrafloral nectarines (Longino 1997).
See the description in the nomenclature section.
Keys including this Species
Atlantic slope to 1200 m and Pacific lowlands, Costa Rica. (Longino 1997)
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
- Pheidole specularis inb0003679951 l 1 high.jpg
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- specularis. Pheidole specularis Wilson, 2003: 510, figs. (s.w.) COSTA RICA.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Major: mostly reddish yellow; head in full-face view subrectangular; posterior dorsal profile of head flat, not convex; promesonotal profile raised, semicircular; humeri from above subangular, extending beyond rest of pronotum below and only moderately prominent, along with mesonotal convexity in dorsal-oblique view; propodeal spines robust, more than half as long as the propodeal basal face anterior to them; all of mesosoma and most of dorsal surface of head foveolate and opaque; gaster completely smooth.
Minor: head subrectangular in side view; occiput broad and slightly concave; propodeal spines robust and half as long as propodeal basal face; all of head, mesosoma, and gaster foveolate and opaque; gaster completely smooth and shiny.
MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.82, HL 0.88, SL 0.40, EL 0.10, PW 0.44. Paratype minor: HW 0.44, HL 0.46, SL 0.36, EL 0.10, PW 0.30.
COLOR Major: all of body and appendages medium reddish yellow except for gaster, which is brownish yellow.
Minor: body and mandibles medium reddish yellow, rest of appendages clear medium yellow.
Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.
COSTA RICA: Arboretum, La Selva Biological Station, near Puerto Viejo, Heredia, col. Stefan Cover. Museum of Comparative Zoology
L specularis, of a mirror, alluding to the shiny gaster.
- Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 510, fig. major, minor described)