Pheidole specularis

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Pheidole specularis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. specularis
Binomial name
Pheidole specularis
Wilson, 2003

Pheidole specularis inb0003659292 p 1 high.jpg

Specimen Label

The species occurs in both lowland and montane rainforest, where the colonies nest both in dead wood on the forest floor and in live plant cavities and under epiphytes; workers have been observed attending extrafloral nectarines (Longino 1997).


See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species


Atlantic slope to 1200 m and Pacific lowlands, Costa Rica. (Longino 1997)

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Costa Rica (type locality), Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb







The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • specularis. Pheidole specularis Wilson, 2003: 510, figs. (s.w.) COSTA RICA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


DIAGNOSIS Similar to Pheidole chalca, Pheidole daphne, Pheidole floridana, Pheidole nebulosa, Pheidole quercicola and Pheidole stomachosa, differing as follows.

Major: mostly reddish yellow; head in full-face view subrectangular; posterior dorsal profile of head flat, not convex; promesonotal profile raised, semicircular; humeri from above subangular, extending beyond rest of pronotum below and only moderately prominent, along with mesonotal convexity in dorsal-oblique view; propodeal spines robust, more than half as long as the propodeal basal face anterior to them; all of mesosoma and most of dorsal surface of head foveolate and opaque; gaster completely smooth.

Minor: head subrectangular in side view; occiput broad and slightly concave; propodeal spines robust and half as long as propodeal basal face; all of head, mesosoma, and gaster foveolate and opaque; gaster completely smooth and shiny.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.82, HL 0.88, SL 0.40, EL 0.10, PW 0.44. Paratype minor: HW 0.44, HL 0.46, SL 0.36, EL 0.10, PW 0.30.

COLOR Major: all of body and appendages medium reddish yellow except for gaster, which is brownish yellow.

Minor: body and mandibles medium reddish yellow, rest of appendages clear medium yellow.

Pheidole specularis Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

COSTA RICA: Arboretum, La Selva Biological Station, near Puerto Viejo, Heredia, col. Stefan Cover. Museum of Comparative Zoology


L specularis, of a mirror, alluding to the shiny gaster.