Pheidole superba

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Pheidole superba
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. superba
Binomial name
Pheidole superba
Wilson, 2003

The Barro Colorado series was collected by Diana E. Wheeler from a bat roost.

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Known from the type locality, as well as from Barro Colorado Island, Panama. (Wilson 2003)

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Colombia (type locality), Panama.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • superba. Pheidole superba Wilson, 2003: 762, figs. (s.w.) COLOMBIA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Similar in various traits to Pheidole amata, Pheidole ambigua, Pheidole celaena, Pheidole fera, Pheidole germaini, Pheidole peruviana, Pheidole rutilana, Pheidole schwarzmaieri, Pheidole and Pheidole vomer, differing as follows.


Major: large, dark reddish to blackish brown; eye small; humerus prominently raised in dorsal-oblique view as a large equilateral triangle; in side view, venter of head strongly convex and dorsum weakly so, with the head as a whole tapering conspicuously to the occiput; in full-face view, head subrectangular, with deep occipital cleft; posterior half of dorsal head surface smooth and shiny, anterior half carinulate, with no rugoreticulum; lower half of mesopleuron, humeri, and parts of mesonotum and propodeal dorsa carinulate, rest of mesosoma smooth and shiny; propodeal spines long and slender; postpetiole from above elliptical, with angulate margins.

Minor: yellow; occiput only slightly narrowed but with nuchal collar; apex of petiolar node strongly and broadly convex; spines short and directed backward; head and body mostly smooth and shiny.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.84, HL 2.16, SL 0.86, EL 0.20, PW 0.84. Paratype minor: HW 0.62, HL 0.66, SL 0.74, EL 0.10, PW 0.40.

COLOR Major: head dark reddish brown, rest of body blackish brown, appendages medium reddish brown.

Minor: dark yellow.


Pheidole superba Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

COLOMBIA: Pueblito, on southern boundary of Tayrona Park, 250 m, col. Charles Kugler. Museum of Comparative Zoology

Etymology

L superba, splendid, superior, referring to the larger, strikingly dark, shiny body of major.

References