Pheidole tisiphone

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Pheidole tisiphone
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. tisiphone
Binomial name
Pheidole tisiphone
Wheeler, W.M., 1911

Pheidole-tisiphone-MCZ001L.jpg

Pheidole-tisiphone-MCZ001D.jpg

Specimen Label

Nothing is known about the biology of tisiphone.

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Known only from two workers and one soldier from Oaxaca, Mexico, and one soldier from Guatemala.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Guatemala, Mexico (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • tisiphone. Pheidole tisiphone Wheeler, W.M. 1911h: 203 (s.) MEXICO. Combination in P. (Elasmopheidole): Emery, 1915i: 190. See also: Wilson, 2003: 632.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

From Wilson (2003): DIAGNOSIS A large member of the scrobifera group, with a bizarre major instantly recognizable by shield-shaped head in full-face view, with the frontal lobes expanded laterally to touch the lateral margins of the head at the level of the eyes and behind it and extended anteriorly almost to touch the anterior clypeal border; by the very dense, long hairs covering the entire head, with those around the region of the eye curving posteriorly; and by the deep, narrow antennal scrobes. The mesonotum is rugoreticulate in the Guatemalan specimen, and mostly carinulate in the unique holotype, but otherwise the two specimens are very close.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.80, HL 2.16, SL 0.76, EL 0.20, PW 1.00.

COLOR Major: body light reddish brown, appendages light reddish to yellowish brown.


Pheidole tisiphone Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Major. GUATEMALA: San Jose (E. S. Ross, in Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard). Compared with holotype. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

Almoloya, Oaxaca, Mexico, col. Frederick Knab. National Museum of Natural History - as reported in Wilson (2003)

Etymology

Tisiphone, Avenger of Murders, one of the Furies of Greek mythology. (Wilson 2003)

References

Wheeler, W. M. 1911. Three new ants from Mexico and Central America. Psyche (Camb.) 18: 203-208 PDF

Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. Text and images from this publication used by permission of the author.