Pheidole walkeri

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Pheidole walkeri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. walkeri
Binomial name
Pheidole walkeri
Mann, 1922

Pheidole walkeri casent0609592 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole walkeri casent0609592 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

This species is found in or near primary wet forest. Workers recruit to baits and may have seed caches in their nests. Nests are in dead wood, dead branches, and live stems. Nests have been found in live stems of Myriocarpa (Urticaceae) along streams and in internodes of Cecropia saplings. Colonies may be polydomous (e.g., in multiple separate internodes of Cecropia saplings). Nests occur from ground level to the canopy. (Longino 2009)

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras (type locality), Mexico, Nicaragua.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Minor

Major

Queen

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • walkeri. Pheidole walkeri Mann, 1922: 27, fig. 13 (s.w.) HONDURAS. See also: Wilson, 2003: 777. Senior synonym of arietans, glyphoderma, triumbonata: Longino, 2009: 86.
  • arietans. Pheidole arietans Wilson, 2003: 657, figs. (s.w.) COSTA RICA. Junior synonym of walkeri: Longino, 2009: 86.
  • glyphoderma. Pheidole glyphoderma Wilson, 2003: 697, figs. (s.w.) COSTA RICA. Junior synonym of walkeri: Longino, 2009: 86.
  • triumbonata. Pheidole triumbonata Wilson, 2003: 771, figs. (s.w.) MEXICO. Junior synonym of walkeri: Longino, 2009: 86.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


Longino (2009) - Pheidole walkeri shares many characters with Pheidole rhinoceros. The minor workers are nearly indistinguishable. The majors have the clypeus flat or slightly concave, but nearly always with a trace of the medial horn that is prominent in rhinoceros. The majors all have the dorsal surface of the mandible with very short, fully appressed setae only, no large piligerous puncta, and the base of the mandible has roughened sculpture that extends a variable distance onto the dorsal surface. Pheidole walkeri may well be a complex of multiple cryptic species; the synonymized and other distinctive forms from specific locales can be recognized. Although the forms exhibit discordant character variation and are not cleanly separable, there is the potential for six or more cryptic species.

Description

From Wilson (2003): DIAGNOSIS A very distinctive member of the tristis group, with clypeal structure in early stage of phragmosis.

Major: lateral wings of clypeus projecting forward, creating a semi-phragmotic head; no hairs on clypeus, also an apparent semiphragmotic trait; frontal lobes projecting and subangulate in side view; carinulae originating in frontal lobes tum posteriorly outward to reach the sides of the head; rugoreticulum extends from eye to rear of antennal fossa on each side of head; margins of pronotum and dorsum of propodeum carinulate; postpetiole from above elliptical.

Minor: occiput narrowed slightly, nuchal collar absent; promesonotal dorsum semicircular in side view, subangulate in dorsal-oblique view; propodeal spines reduced to dentic1es.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Lectotype major: HW 1.26, HL 1.38, SL 0.64, EL 0.14, PW 0.68. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.54, HL 0.60, SL 0.56, EL 0.12, PW 0.34.

COLOR Major: body medium reddish brown except for anterior half of head, which is dark reddish brown; appendages light reddish brown.

Minor: body medium reddish brown, appendages light reddish brown.


Pheidole walkeri Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

Longino (2009):

Lectotype major worker (here designated, as labeled by Wilson 2003) and associated paralectotype minor worker: Honduras, San Juan Pueblo (Mann) National Museum of Natural History (Museum of Comparative Zoology major worker specimens from type series examined).

Pheidole arietans Holotype major worker and associated paratype minor worker: Costa Rica, Heredia, La Selva Biological Station, 25 Mar 1988, mature rainforest, hollow rotten stick, seeds present (Cover, Moffett, Tobin) MCZ (examined).

Pheidole glyphoderma Holotype major and associated paratype minor worker: Costa Rica, Puntarenas, Monteverde, 1500m, 25 May 1979, at sugar bait (P. S. Ward #3528-3) MCZ (examined).

Pheidole triumbonata Holotype major and associated paratype minor worker: Mexico, Veracruz, 2mi W Fortin de las Flores, 3300', 6 Jan 1973, nest under bark (R. J. & A. B. Hamton) MCZ (image examined).

Etymology

Eponymous. (Wilson 2003)

References

  • Longino, J.T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole. Zootaxa 2181: 1-90. PDF
  • Mann, W. M. 1922. Ants from Honduras and Guatemala. Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. 61: 1-54 (page 27, fig. 13 soldier, worker described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. (page 777, fig. major, minor described)