Phrynoponera transversa

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Phrynoponera transversa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Phrynoponera
Species: P. transversa
Binomial name
Phrynoponera transversa
Bolton & Fisher, 2008

Phrynoponera transversa casent0178224 profile 1.jpg Phrynoponera transversa casent0178224 dorsal 1.jpg Specimen labels

Like the type-series, most others were retrieved from leaf litter samples, but a couple of individuals were caught in pitfall traps.

Identification

This species is immediately distinguished by its modified clypeus and the presence of transverse sculpture on the dorsum of the head behind the level of the eyes. (Bolton and Fisher 2008)

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Central African Republic, Gabon (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • transversa. Phrynoponera transversa Bolton & Fisher, 2008b: 50, figs. 7a-d (w.) GABON.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype. TL 9.6, HL 2.12, HW 2.08, CI 98, SL 1.66, SI 80, PW 1.76, WL 2.92, maximum diameter of eye 0.44, OI 21.

Four teeth on right mandible, 5 teeth on left; mandibles smooth with scattered pits. Anterior clypeal margin concave medially, the concavity flanked by a blunt tooth on each side. Dorsum of head transversely, concavely subsulcate from behind the level of the posterior margins of eyes to the posterior margin of the head. Posterior margin of head around midline very sharply defined, the midpoint of the vertex separated from the occipital surface by an angle, the two surfaces not rounding together. Rugae on anterior pronotal dorsum transverse; pronotum reticulate-rugose posteriorly. Mesonotal rugae longitudinal; propodeal dorsum reticulate- rugose. Gastral tergites 1 and 2 longitudinally costulate on a densely reticulate-punctate ground sculpture. Gastral tergite 3 densely reticulate-punctate only.

Paratypes. TL 9.5-9.8, HL 2.04-2.12, HW 1.96-2.12, CI 96-100, SL 1.60-1.68, SI 79-84, PW 1.68-1.80, WL 2.80-3.00, maximum diameter of eye 0.42-0.45, OI 20-22 (8 measured). The paratypes and non-paratypic material show the following variation. Mandible with 4–6 teeth, but typically with 5. Mandible usually completely smooth except for scattered pits but some workers with faint traces of weak striation between the pits in their apical halves. Extent of the transverse subsulcate sculpture on the head varies from almost the entire dorsum behind the level of the eyes, to a broad triangular posteromedian patch, but is always conspicuous. In some the mesonotal rugae have cross-meshes and are not so obviously longitudinal as in the type-series. The costulae on gastral tergites 1–2 are generally conspicuous, but in some they are very reduced or even absent.

Type Material

Holotype worker. Gabon: Prov. Ogooue-Maritime, Res Monts Doudou, 24.5 km 303° WNW Doussala, 2°14.0’S, 10°23.9’E, 18.iii.2000, 630 m, #2276; code no. 2276(23)25; sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), rainforest (B.L. Fisher) (California Academy of Sciences).

Paratypes: 7 workers with same data as holotype but code nos. 2276(7)16; 2276(22)23; 2276(26)28; 2276(33)17; 2276(40)28; 2276(41)22; 2276(50)20 (CASC).

References

  • Bolton, B. and B. L. Fisher. 2008. The Afrotropical ponerine ant genus Phrynoponera Wheeler. Zootaxa. 1892:35-52. PDF