Polyrhachis ammonoeides is a ground nesting species with its distribution limited to a relatively narrow band of coastal northwestern Australia, from Dampier in the north almost to Perth in the south.
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
A member of the ammon species-group in the Polyrhachis subgenus Hagiomyrma.
Keys including this Species
- Key to Australian Polyrhachis Subgenera
- Key to Polyrhachis (Hagiomyrma) species
- Key to Polyrhachis Hagiomyrma group species
- Key to Polyrhachis of the southwestern Australian Botanical Province
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
Males in ANIC spirit collection. Immature stages unknown.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- ammonoeides. Polyrhachis ammonoeides Roger, 1863a: 157 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Combination in P. (Hagiomyrma): Forel, 1915b: 108. Subspecies of ammon: Forel, 1879a: 116. Revived status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 258. Senior synonym of chalchas: Kohout, 1994a: 135.
- chalchas. Polyrhachis chalchas Forel, 1907h: 307 (w.q.) AUSTRALIA. Combination in P. (Hagiomyrma): Forel, 1915b: 108. Junior synonym of ammonoeides: Kohout, 1994a: 135.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Kohout (2013) - (lectotype cited first): TL c. 8.0, 6.65- 8.52; HL 1.98, 1.65-2.09; HW 1.53, 1.34-1.65; CI 77, 77-82; SL 2.28, 2.09-2.56; SI 149, 146-164; PW 1.34, 1.05-1.50; MW 0.81-0.88; PMI 147-164; MTL 2.65, 2.46-3.12 (25 measured).
Median flange of anterior clypeal margin irregularly jagged with one central tooth and rather blunt lateral angles. Clypeus with median, longitudinal carina, sinuate in profile. Frontal carinae with distinctly raised margins; central area relatively wide, weakly raised medially. Sides of head in front of eyes converging anteriorly in virtually straight line; behind eyes, sides widely rounding into convex occipital margin. Eyes convex, marginally breaking lateral cephalic outline in full face view. Ocelli lacking, only rudimentary lateral ocelli indicated in some specimens. Pronotal dorsum wider than long; humeri narrowly rounded with shallow depression dorsally; lateral margins behind humeri sinuate, distinctly raised and only weakly converging towards promesonotal suture. Lateral margins of mesonotum converging posteriorly in gentle curve towards metanotal groove indicated by weakly impressed, posteriorly bowed line. Propodeum with lateral margins terminating in distinctly divergent, slender, acute spines. Petiole armed with pair of divergent, hook-shaped, acute spines.
Mandibles finely longitudinally striate with numerous piliferous pits towards bases. Head and mesosoma reticulate-punctate; sculpturation on vertex somewhat coarser with numerous shallow pits. Gaster finely shagreened.
Mandibles with medium length, curved, golden hairs at masticatory and outer borders; numerous closely appressed, shorter hairs towards mandibular bases. Several anteriorly directed, longer setae arising from median anterior clypeal margin, shorter setae fringing margin laterally. Long and medium length, golden, mostly erect hairs, some longer than greatest diameter of eyes, on clypeus, along frontal carinae and on vertex, numerous hairs fringing lateral outline of head in full face view. Short, erect hairs along leading edge of antennal scapes. Rather long, golden hairs abundant on most body surfaces, including propodeal declivity and spines, except apices. Hairs somewhat longer and posteriorly inclined on gaster, notably around apex and on venter. Closely appressed, rather sparse, mostly silvery pubescence on head, mesosoma, petiole and venter of gaster; longer, rich golden pubescence on gastral dorsum, completely hiding underlying sculpturation. Black with only mandibular teeth, apical funicular segments and legs dark to very dark reddish-brown.
Kohout (2013) - Dimensions: TL c. 9.68-10.43; HL 2.18- 2.21; HW 1.68-1.75; CI 76-79; SL 2.37-2.56; SI 139- 149; PW 1.96-2.12; MTL 2.93-2.99 (4 measured).
Apart from sexual characters, closely resembling worker except: pronotal dorsum with humeri rounded and indication of blunt humeral angles. Mesoscutum in dorsal view virtually as long as wide; anterior margin widely rounded in dorsal and lateral views; median line distinct, parapsides rather flat; mesoscutum and mesoscutellum uniformly flat in lateral view. Propodeal and petiolar spines similar to those in worker, but distinctly shorter.
- Lectotype (designated by Kohout, 1994), worker, Sydney (as Port Jackson), New South Wales, Australia, Musee National d'Histoire Naturelle.
- Paralectotype (designated by Kohout, 1994), 1 worker, Sydney (as Port Jackson), New South Wales, Australia, Musee National d'Histoire Naturelle.
- Paralectotype (designated by Kohout, 1994), 1 worker, Sydney (as Port Jackson), New South Wales, Australia, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna.
- Polyrhachis chalchas Forel, 1907: Syntype, workers, Denham, Geraldton and Dongarra, Western Australia, Australia, Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève.
- Polyrhachis chalchas Forel, 1907: Syntype, 1 worker, Denham, Western Australia, Australia, Western Australian Museum.
Kohout (2013): Forel was apparently misled by the original type locality given by Roger as Port Jackson and redescribed P. ammonoeides from Western Australia as P. chalchas. He also misinterpreted the short description given by Roger and considered a series of specimens collected by E. Mjöberg at Laura, Queensland (MNHU) to be P. ammonoeides. However, after examining these specimens, I consider they represent the species Polyrhachis cracenta.
- Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 258, Revived status as species)
- Forel, A. 1879a. Études myrmécologiques en 1879 (deuxième partie [1re partie en 1878]). Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 16: 53-128 (page 116, Stirps of ammon)
- Forel, A. 1915b. Results of Dr. E. Mjöbergs Swedish Scientific Expeditions to Australia 1910-13. 2. Ameisen. Ark. Zool. 9(1 16: 1-119 (page 108, Combination in P. (Hagiomyrma))
- Kohout, R. J. 1994a. New synonymy of three Australian ants (Formicidae: Formicinae: Polyrhachis). Mem. Qld. Mus. 35: 135-136 (page 135, Senior synonym of chalchas)
- Kohout, R.J. 2013. Revision of Polyrhachis (Hagiomyrma) Wheeler, 1911 (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, Nature 56, 487-577.
- Roger, J. 1863a. Die neu aufgeführten Gattungen und Arten meines Formiciden-Verzeichnisses nebst Ergänzung einiger früher gegebenen Beschreibungen. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7: 131-214 (page 157, worker described)