Polyrhachis cognata

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Polyrhachis cognata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Polyrhachis
Subgenus: Myrma
Species: P. cognata
Binomial name
Polyrhachis cognata
Kohout, 2008

Polyrhachis cognata Fig 5B.jpg

Polyrhachis cognata Fig 5A.jpg

Nothing is known about the biology of Polyrhachis cognata.

Identification

A member of the Polyrhachis vestita species group.

Kohout (2008) - P. cognata is relatively similar to the other species of the vestita-group, notably to Polyrhachis ogatai with which it shares the characteristic rusty red and black pilosity and pubescence. It differs by its smaller size and by lacking the peculiar antennal process found in the unique holotype of P. ogatai holotype.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Indonesia (type locality), Sulawesi.

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • cognata. Polyrhachis cognata Kohout, 2008a: 276, figs. 5A-B (w.) INDONESIA (Sulawesi).

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

(holotype cited first): TL c. 14.01, 13.91; HL 3.53, 3.48; HW 2.62, 2.57; CI 74, 74; SL 4.64, 4.64; SI 177, 180; PW 2.07, 2.07; MTL 5.44, 5.39 (2 measured).

Anterior clypeal margin arcuate, very shallowly and widely emarginate medially. Clypeus with rather blunt median carina and shallow depressions just behind weakly raised median portion of anterior margin; median carina distinctly higher and more prominent posteriorly. Clypeus in profile straight for most of its length, posteriorly rounding into moderately impressed basal margin, laterally indicated by a flat, thin line. Frontal triangle distinct. Frontal carinae with sharp, high and steeply elevated laminate lobes; central area concave with poorly defined frontal furow. Sides of head in front of eyes converging towards mandibular bases in weakly convex line; behind eyes sides rounding into convex, medially narrowly upturned and weakly emarginate, occipital margin. Eyes convex, in full face view just reaching or marginally breaking lateral cephalic outline. Ocelli lacking. Pronotal dorsum weakly convex, with pair of long, slender, anterolaterally directed, horizontal spines; dorsolateral edges of spines continuous with parallel-sided pronotal margins. Mesonotal dorsum rather flat, strongly transverse, with laminate, anteriorly upturned lateral margins that are rounded in dorsal view. Propodeum with lateral margins forming anteriorly rounded and upturned laminae; posterior margins weakly converging into upturned posterior angles. Propodeal dorsum rounding into steep declivity in medially uninterrupted curve. Petiole biconvex in profile; dorsum armed medially with a pair of blunt, broad-based teeth; margin between teeth emarginate and somewhat jagged laterally, terminating in weakly upturned denticles. Anterior face of first gastral segment rather flat basally, with anterodorsal margin widely rounding onto dorsum of gaster.

Mandibles distinctly, longitudinaly striate. Head, mesosoma, petiole and gaster generally very finely reticulate-punctate with sculpturation on vertex of head and dorsum of mesosoma organised into fine, longitudinal striae.

Mandibles along outer margins and masticatory borders with numerous, relatively long, erect and semierect, golden hairs. Anterior clypeal margin fringed medially with medium length, anteriorly directed, golden setae, reducing in length laterally. Leading edge of antennal scapes with numerous short, erect, black hairs; a few hairs arising along inferior edge distally. Front and sides of head with medium length, erect, black hairs, those on vertex distinctly longer and more anteriorly directed. Mesosomal dorsum with numerous, long, anteriorly curved, black hairs, those on sides of mesosoma distinctly shorter. Coxae with several long, black and rusty-brown hairs. Legs with abundant, black and rusty-brown hairs, notably on tibiae, basal segments of tarsi and ventral surfaces of femora. Dorsal surfaces of fore femora hairless; middle and hind femora with only a few, short hairs along dorsal surfaces distally. Petiole with several short, black hairs fringing dorsal margin. Gaster with abundant, relatively long, somewhat posteriorly directed, black and brown hairs. Very short, dense, appressed, rusty-red pubescence over most body surfaces, notably over anterior portion of pronotal dorsum and meso-and metapleurae; somewhat longer, more erect, yellowish pubescence on pronotal collar.

Colour. Black, with legs dark reddish-brown.

Type Material

HOLOTYPE: SULAWESI TENGGARA, Wolasi, Pangalulu, 04°10’S, 122°30’E, 140m, 13.x.1999, K. Ogata & K. Masaoka (worker). PARATYPE: data as for holotype (worker). Holotype in Queensland Museum (QMT144147), paratype in Museum of Comparative Zoology.

References