Polyrhachis conops

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to: navigation, search
Polyrhachis conops
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Polyrhachis
Subgenus: Myrma
Species: P. conops
Binomial name
Polyrhachis conops
Forel, 1901

Polyrhachis conops syntype Berlin side.jpg

Polyrhachis conops syntype Berlin top.jpg

Specimen labels

The syntypes of P. conops are the only specimens known of this species (Kohout, 2013).

Identification

A member of the Polyrhachis continua species group in the subgenus Myrma

This species stands between Polyrhachis continua and Polyrhachis manusensis, featuring the slender and elegant stature of the former and the petiolar armament of the latter. Several specimens of the type series show a mild tendency of the eyes changing their shape from posteriorly protracted to almost normal. The eyes are usually distinctly protracted posteriorly; however, in several specimens examined this character appears to be less prominent, with the eyes almost normal. This character is not uncommon in the subgenus Myrma, with several taxa described solely on the presence or lack of the posteriorly protracted eyes, such as in Polyrhachis nigropilosa conophthalma or Polyrhachis striatorugosa exophthalma.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: New Guinea.

Distribution based on specimens

Loading map...

The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Polyrhachis conops for further details

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • conops. Polyrhachis conops Forel, 1901b: 28 (w.q.m.) NEW GUINEA (Bismarck Archipelago). Combination in P. (Myrma): Emery, 1925b: 200.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Kohout (2013) - Dimensions of syntypes (queens cited last): TL c. 9.93-11.18, 11.94-12.65; HL 2.43-2.67, 2.72-2.82; HW 1.89-2.09, 2.17-2.22; CI 77-79, 79-80; SL 3.17-3.43, 3.48-3.53; SI 162-168, 159-160; PW 1.71-1.86, 2.52-2.57; MTL 3.33-3.58, 3.63-3.68 (5+2 measured).

Type Material

References

  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 200, Combination in P. (Myrma))
  • Forel, A. 1901c. Formiciden aus dem Bismarck-Archipel, auf Grundlage des von Prof. Dr. F. Dahl gesammelten Materials. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berl. 2: 4-37 (page 28, worker, queen, male described)
  • Kohout, R. J. 1998. New synonyms and nomenclatural changes in the ant genus Polyrhachis Fr. Smith (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae). Mem. Qld. Mus. 42: 505-531 (page 519, Senior synonym of stitzi)
  • Kohout, R.J. 2013. A review of the Polyrhachis continua species-group of the subgenus Myrma Billberg (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae) with keys and descriptions of new species. Australian Entomologist 40(1), 13-46.