Kohout (2008) - I have examined and directly compared the holotype of Polyrhachis zopyra (OXUM) with the syntypes of P. zopyra edentula and consider they represent separate species. They differ in several characters, including the outline of clypeus that, in lateral view, is weakly, but evenly convex with a flat basal margin in P. edentula, while it is straight and rounds into a weakly impressed basal margin in P. zopyra. The pronotal and petiolar teeth are distinctly more acute in zopyra, while in P. edentula they are shorter with the dorsal petiolar teeth obtuse and situated very close together. The pubescence in P. zopyra is very closely appressed, smooth and rather tidy, with only a few erect hairs arising from the gaster and the dorsum of head. The pubescence in P. edentula is more abundant and somewhat longer, with numerous erect hairs arising from all body surfaces, including the mesosoma and petiole.
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
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The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- edentula. Polyrhachis zopyrus var. edentula Emery, 1900d: 712 (w.) INDONESIA (Sumatra). Forel, 1911b: 212 (q.m.). Combination in P. (Myrma): Emery, 1925b: 204. Raised to species: Kohout, 2008a: 258.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Kohout (2008) - Syntype workers. INDONESIA, SUMATRA, D. Tolong, Balighe, Pea Ragia, Si Rambé, Pangherang Pisang (E. Modigliani), Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa (examined).