Polyrhachis impressa

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Polyrhachis impressa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Polyrhachis
Subgenus: Aulacomyrma
Species: P. impressa
Binomial name
Polyrhachis impressa
Kohout, 2007

Polyrhachis impressa casent0009240 p 1 high.jpg

Polyrhachis impressa casent0009240 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Nothing is known about the biology of Polyrhachis impressa.

Identification

Kohout (2007) - P. impressa is very similar to Polyrhachis orokana. Both species share the laterally immarginate mesosomal dorsum, strong transverse ridge separating the propodeal dorsum from declivity and virtually identical sculpture of the mesosomal dorsum. They can be distinguished by the shape of the fused mesonotal-propodeal dorsum which is about as wide as long in impressa and is strongly transverse, distinctly wider than long in orokana. The eyes in impressa are only moderately convex and situated in a shallow depression in the cephalic sculpture, only partly extending beyond the lateral outline of the head in full face view. In contrast, the eyes in orokana are strongly convex, protuberant and in full face view they fully extend beyond the lateral cephalic outline. The antennal scapes in impressa bear numerous hairs over all their surfaces, while in orokana the hairs are confined to their leading edges. The petiole in impressa has the lateral spines relatively long and weakly bent backwards, while they are rather short and virtually straight in orokana.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: New Guinea (type locality).

Distribution based on specimens

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The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Polyrhachis impressa for further details

Biology

The subgenus this species is a member of, Aulacomyrma, is poorly colected. Kohout (2007) summarized what is known about their biology in a revision of the species in the subgenus. This offers an explanation as to why most Aulacomyrma are known from few collections and specimens. There are only two records of nests being found. A small colony of Polyrhachis dohrni was collected by Kohout from a dry hollow twig on a living tree at the edge of lowland rainforest. The internal walls of the twig cavity were lined with a little silk. Ward collected a nest of Polyrhachis wardi from a dry twig of a rainforest tree. The colonies of both species were rather small, with only a few workers (5 and 11 respectively, including 2 and 3 alate queens and a single male). If such a nesting pattern is the norm for other species of the subgenus, that might explain the general scarcity of Aulacomyrma material even in the best collections. Many Aulacomyrma species are described and only known from a holotype.

Castes

Males have yet to be collected.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • impressa. Polyrhachis (Aulacomyrma) impressa Kohout, 2007a: 224, figs. 73, 76, 79 (w.q.) NEW GUINEA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

TL c.5.09-5.69 (5.19); HL 1.31-1.47 (1.34); HW 1.12-1.28 (1.12); CI 83-89 (83); SL 1.34-1.47 (1.34); SI 120-122 (120); PW 0.94-1.09 (0.94); MTL 11.25-1.34 (1.28) (12 measured).

Anterior clypeal margin arcuate, narrowly truncate medially; basal clypeal margin flat, indicated only by hairline break in cephalic sculpture. Frontal triangle indistinct. Frontal carinae relatively short, strongly raised. Sides of head in front of eyes weakly converging towards mandibular bases; strongly rounded behind into rather short preoccipital margin. Eyes convex, somewhat sunk into shallow concavity in cephalic sculpture on sides of head; in full face view only moderately extending beyond lateral cephalic outline. Mesosoma laterally immarginate with dorsum rounding onto sides in unbroken curve. Pronotal humeri armed with short, acute spines. Promesonotal suture deeply impressed; metanotal groove lacking. Propodeal dorsum delimited posteriorly by distinct transverse ridge that separates dorsum from declivity, posterolaterally with minute, somewhat dorsally raised, rounded prominences. Petiole with sharp dorsal margin; lateral spines acute, weakly curved backwards and upwards. First gastral segment shallowly concave anteriorly, anterodorsal margin of concavity blunt.

Sculpture of head and mesosoma mostly consisting of regularly spaced striae; longitudinal on sides of head, converging anteriorly on clypeus and vertex; somewhat inversely U-shaped on pronotal dorsum and obliquely rounding onto sides. Striae on mesosomal and propodeal dorsa forming incomplete semicircles, outermost striae continued obliquely on sides of propodeum. Both faces of petiole shagreened. First gastral segment with dorsum finely striate; intensity of sculpture increasing laterally with sides of gaster very distinctly longitudinally striate.

Relatively short, off-white and yellowish hairs scattered over all dorsal surfaces of head, mesosoma and gaster; hairs silvery and distinctly shorter along dorsal and lateral borders of propodeal declivity and dorsal margin of petiole. Off-white or silvery appressed pubescence, generally directed towards midline, present over all dorsal surfaces of body; most dense on pronotal humeri and dorsum and sides of propodeum. Gastral pubescence golden, rather dense, almost completely obscuring underlying sculpture dorsally.

Body black. Antennae, femora, proximal ends of tibiae and basal tarsal segments black or very dark brown; extreme tip of apical funicular segment, distal end of trochanters, tibiae and apical tarsal segments medium to light yellowish to reddish brown.

Queen

TL c. 6.20; HL 1.56; HW 1.31; CI 84; SL 1.53; SI 117; PW 1.25; MTL 150 (1 measured).

Queen essentially as worker, with usual characters identifying full sexuality, including three ocelli and complete thoracic structure with wings. Sculpture of head and body similar to worker, direction of striae following structural characteristics of fully developed mesosoma.

Type Material

HOLOTYPE: PAPUA NEW GUINEA, Huon Pen., lower Busu R., 10.v.1955, lowl. rf., E. O. Wilson #1003 (worker). PARATYPES: data as for holotype, but 27.iv.1955, E. O. Wilson #706 (worker); 10.v.1955, E. O. Wilson #988 (2 workers); 12.v.1955, E. O. Wilson #1018 (worker) and 17.v.1955, E. O. Wilson #1054 (7 workers, 1 dealate queen). Type distribution: holotype, 1 paratype worker and paratype queen in Museum of Comparative Zoology; 2 paratype workers each in Australian National Insect Collection, The Natural History Museum, California Academy of Sciences and Queensland Museum.

Etymology

The name impressa is derived from a self-explanatory term ‘impressive’ relating to the rather striking appearance of this species.

References