Polyrhachis saevissima

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Polyrhachis saevissima
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Polyrhachis
Subgenus: Myrmhopla
Species: P. saevissima
Binomial name
Polyrhachis saevissima
Smith, F., 1860

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Specimen Label

Subspecies
Synonyms

This species has been found in a variety of forest habitats (mangrove, natural, agro) and up to 1200 m in elevation.

Identification

A member of the Polyrhachis armata species group.

Kohout (2008) - In view of its widespread distribution and variability, P. saevissima is either a single species with numerous variable, local populations, or it may be a complex of a number of closely related species.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia (type locality), Malaysia, Philippines, Sulawesi.
Oriental Region: India.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • acantha. Polyrhachis acantha Smith, F. 1860b: 98, pl. 1, fig. 16 (w.) INDONESIA (Batjan I.). Combination in P. (Myrmhopla): Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 132. Junior synonym of dives: Mayr, 1879: 649; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 132. Revived from synonymy: Emery, 1925b: 194; Karavaiev, 1927e: 33. Junior synonym of saevissima: Bolton, 1974b: 178.
  • acasta. Polyrhachis acasta Smith, F. 1860b: 100, pl. 1, fig. 23 (w.) INDONESIA (Batjan I.). Combination in P. (Myrmhopla): Emery, 1925b: 194. Subspecies of acantha: Emery, 1900d: 717. Revived status as species: Forel, 1901b: 33. Junior synonym of tibialis: Bingham, 1903: 397. Revived from synonymy as subspecies of acantha: Emery, 1925b: 194. Junior synonym of saevissima: Bolton, 1974b: 178.
  • saevissima. Polyrhachis saevissimus Smith, F. 1860a: 71 (w.) INDONESIA (Sulawesi). Combination in P. (Myrmhopla): Emery, 1925b: 197. Senior synonym of acantha, acasta: Bolton, 1974b: 178. Current subspecies: nominal plus argentea, chrysophanes, kerri, timorensis.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Type Material

Kohout (2008) - Holotype worker. INDONESIA, SULAWESI, Makassar (A. R. Wallace), Oxford University Museum of Natural History (examined).

References