Polyrhachis semitestacea

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to: navigation, search
Polyrhachis semitestacea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Polyrhachis
Subgenus: Myrma
Species: P. semitestacea
Binomial name
Polyrhachis semitestacea
Emery, 1900

Polyrhachis semitestacea casent0905608 p 1 high.jpg

Polyrhachis semitestacea casent0905608 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Identification

As mentioned by (Kohout, 1998), P. semitestacea is rather similar to Polyrhachis andromache Roger, with relatively subtle differences separating them. However, these differences appear constant and serve to clearly separate the species. The most obvious difference is the colour of the gaster which is honey-yellow in P. semitestacea and contrasts with the dark mesosoma, while in P. andromache the gaster is black and concolorous with the rest of the body. When directly compared, P. semitestacea is distinctly more slender and has a petiole armed with more closely spaced spines and lacking a dorsal intercalary tooth. In contrast, P. andromache appears more robust, has more widely spaced petiolar spines and the dorsal edge of petiole is armed with a minute intercalary tooth. (Modified from Kohout, 2012.)

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: New Guinea (type locality).

Check distribution from AntMaps.

Distribution based on specimens

Loading map...

The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Polyrhachis semitestacea for further details

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • semitestacea. Polyrhachis andromache var. semitestacea Emery, 1900c: 334 (w.) NEW GUINEA. Combination in P. (Myrma): Emery, 1925b: 202. Raised to species: Kohout, 1998: 524. See also: Kohout, 2012: 36.

Lectotype and paralectotype workers (designated by Kohout, 2012: 36) from Friedrich-Wilhelmshafen (= Madang), New Guinea, L. Biró (Hungarian Natural History Museum, Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa, Queensland Museum) (examined by Kohout, 2012).

Note: The lectotype was selected from 25 available syntypes lodged in the Biró collection (HNHM). The specimen is card mounted and in good condition. It bears the following printed labels: ‘N. Guinea, Biró 96’ and ‘Friedrich-Wilh.-hafen’. In addition it also bears an original name-tag in Emery’s handwriting, reading ‘Polyrhachis andromache Rog. var. semitestacea Emery’. It has been furnished with an additional tag indicating its new status, with the remaining 24 specimens deemed paralectotypes and labelled appropriately. Two of the paralectotypes were generously donated to the QM collection (Kohout, 2012).

Description

Queen. (Described by Kohout, 2012.) Dimensions: TL c. 10.53-10.89; HL 2.62-2.72; HW 2.07-2.17; CI 79-80; SL 3.02-3.12; SI 144-146; PW 2.02-2.17; MTL 3.28-3.33 (2 measured). Apart from sexual characters, very closely resembling worker. Pronotal humeri armed with moderately long, acute and weakly downturned spines; their dorsolateral margins continued posteriorly only for a short distance. Mesoscutum wider than long with lateral margins converging anteriorly into moderately rounded anterior margin; median line well indicated, relatively short; parapsides rather flat; mesoscutum in profile relatively low with anterior margin rounding onto weakly convex dorsum; mesoscutellum weakly convex, only marginally elevated above dorsal plane of mesosoma. Propodeal dorsum with lateral margins rounded posteriorly and continued inwards for a short distance, but not meeting; dorsum descending rather abruptly into vertical declivity. Petiole armed with two short, somewhat flattened, blunt spines and distinct intercalary tooth. Sculpturation, pilosity and colour virtually as in worker.

References

  • Emery, C. 1900b. Formicidarum species novae vel minus cognitae in collectione Musaei Nationalis Hungarici quas in Nova-Guinea, colonia germanica, collegit L. Biró. Publicatio secunda. Természetr. Füz. 23: 310-338 (page 334, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 202, Combination in P. (Myrma))
  • Kohout, R. J. 1998. New synonyms and nomenclatural changes in the ant genus Polyrhachis Fr. Smith (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae). Mem. Qld. Mus. 42: 505-531 (page 524, Raised to species)
  • Kohout, R.J. 2012. A review of the Australian Polyrhachis ants of the subgenera Myrma Billberg, Myrmatopa Forel, Myrmothrinax Forel and Polyrhachis Fr. Smith (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum – Nature 56(1): 25-59.