Polyrhachis tanami

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Polyrhachis tanami
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Polyrhachis
Subgenus: Hagiomyrma
Species group: penelope
Species: P. tanami
Binomial name
Polyrhachis tanami
Kohout, 2013

Kohout 2013c-63Polyrhachis-tanami had.jpg

Polyrhachis tanami is known only from a single locality in the Tanami Desert and nothing is known of its nesting habits.

Identification

A member of the penelope species-group in the Polyrhachis subgenus Hagiomyrma. Kohout (2013) - Polyrhachis tanami is characterised by its small size and distinctly and rather deeply sculptured body. It is relatively similar to Polyrhachis tenebra, with which it shares rather strongly posteriorly converging margins of the promesonotal dorsum (PMI 176-177 in P. tanami versus 172 in P. tenebra) and virtually identically shaped petiolar spines. However, P. tenebra has the dorsum of the head and mesosoma more finely reticulate-punctate with the sculpture on the anterior pronotum, including the humeri, and most of mesonotum and propodeum partially hidden by relatively long, appressed, pale golden pubescence.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Known only from the worker caste.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • tanami. Polyrhachis (Hagiomyrma) tanami Kohout, 2013: 549, figs. 9E-F (w.) AUSTRALIA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

(holotype cited first): TL c. 6.10, 6.65; HL 1.59, 1.59; HW 1.22, 1.28; CI 77, 80; SL 1.87, 1.87; SI 153, 146; PW 1.15, 1.18; MW 0.65, 0.67; PMI 177, 176; MTL 2.03, 2.09 (2 measured).

Anterior clypeal margin with shallow, denticulate, median flange. Clypeus with distinct median carina; almost straight in profile, posteriorly rounding into shallowly impressed basal margin. Frontal carinae sinuate, with only weakly and narrowly raised margins. Sides of head converging towards mandibular bases in virtually straight line; behind eyes, sides rounding into convex occipital margin. Eyes convex, in full face view clearly exceeding lateral cephalic outline. Ocelli lacking. Pronotal humeri rounded with narrowly raised margins; lateral margins converging towards well impressed promesonotal suture. Mesonotum with margins converging towards poorly indicated metanotal groove. Propodeal dorsum armed with slender, horizontal, divergent spines, weakly curved outwards and downwards from midlength. Petiolar spines widely divergent, raised obliquely from bases, continued horizontally towards weakly upturned tips. Anterior face of first gastral tergite widely rounding onto dorsum.

Mandibles very finely, closely, longitudinally striate with piliferous pits. Head, mesosoma and petiole very distinctly, rather coarsely reticulate-punctate; sculpturation on vertex distinctly, mostly longitudinally striate. Sculpturation less coarse on dorsum of mesosoma, pronotal sculpture consisting of somewhat irregular, anteriorly converging, rather flat striae. Gaster shagreened; sculpturation on dorsum more distinct with numerous shallow pits.

Mandibular masticatory and outer borders with numerous, curved, golden hairs, hairs suberect towards bases. Anterior clypeal margin with a few longer setae medially and fringe of shorter setae laterally. Most body surfaces, including appendages, with numerous, short to medium length, mostly erect hairs; gaster with hairs marginally longer and more posteriorly directed. Very diluted short, silvery, closely appressed pubescence on head, mesosoma and petiole; pubsecence somewhat more abundant and golden on dorsum of gaster.

Black; mandibles reddish-brown. Appendages black or very dark reddish-brown.

Type Material

Etymology

From the type locality, the Tanami Desert in the Northern Territory.

References