Polyrhachis umboi

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Polyrhachis umboi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Polyrhachis
Subgenus: Aulacomyrma
Species: P. umboi
Binomial name
Polyrhachis umboi
Kohout, 2007

Polyrhachis umboi P.png

Polyrhachis umboi D.png

Known only from the holotype.

Identification

Kohout (2007) - P. umboi is somewhat similar to Polyrhachis pallipes, but lacks an acute and raised anterodorsal margin of first gastral segment and having less acute pronotal teeth and generally darker appendages.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: New Guinea (type locality).

Distribution based on specimens

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The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Polyrhachis umboi for further details

Biology

The subgenus this species is a member of, Aulacomyrma, is poorly colected. Kohout (2007) summarized what is known about their biology in a revision of the species in the subgenus. This offers an explanation as to why most Aulacomyrma are known from few collections and specimens. There are only two records of nests being found. A small colony of Polyrhachis dohrni was collected by Kohout from a dry hollow twig on a living tree at the edge of lowland rainforest. The internal walls of the twig cavity were lined with a little silk. Ward collected a nest of Polyrhachis wardi from a dry twig of a rainforest tree. The colonies of both species were rather small, with only a few workers (5 and 11 respectively, including 2 and 3 alate queens and a single male). If such a nesting pattern is the norm for other species of the subgenus, that might explain the general scarcity of Aulacomyrma material even in the best collections. Many Aulacomyrma species are described and only known from a holotype.

Castes

Known only from the worker caste.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • umboi. Polyrhachis (Aulacomyrma) umboi Kohout, 2007a: 211, figs. 38, 41, 44 (w.) NEW GUINEA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Dimensions of holotype: TL c. 5.24; HL 1.31; HW 1.15; CI 88; SL 1.37; SI 119; PW 1.12; MTL 1.28.

Anterior clypeal margin with distinct notch medially; in profile clypeus only very weakly convex with shallow impression just behind anterior margin and moderately impressed basal margin, indicated laterally by break in cephalic sculpture. Frontal triangle indistinct. Frontal carinae sinuate with moderately raised laminate lobes. Head widest just behind eyes, sides converging anteriorly towards mandibular bases. Eyes convex, in full face view clearly breaking cephalic outline. Mesosoma marginate; pronotal and mesonotal dorsa with lateral margins converging posteriorly, propodeal margins parallel. Pronotal humeri armed with angle-like teeth with moderately raised margins, bases weakly emarginate laterally. Promesonotal suture distinct; metanotal groove lacking dorsally, position indicated by slight notch and change in direction of lateral margins. Propodeal dorsum terminating in minute blunt angles, posterior margins continued inwards for only a short distance with dorsum descending into declivity in medially uninterrupted curve. Petiole with dorsal margin acute, weakly jagged; lateral spines curved slightly backwards and upwards. Anterior face of first gastral segment concave, anterodorsal margin distinct, but not acute or raised above dorsal face of segment.

Sculpture of head and mesosoma consisting of more-or-less regularly spaced striae, mostly longitudinal on sides of head, slightly converging on clypeus; striae on vertex curving from posterolateral corners towards central area; a few short, transverse striae along medial preoccipital margin. Pronotal dorsum with striae weakly converging anteriorly, striae on mesonotal-propodeal dorsum distinctly converging posteriorly. Petiole shagreened and somewhat wrinkled. Sides of first gastral segment longitudinally striate, dorsum shagreened.

Head with numerous, erect, rather short, pale yellow hairs not longer than greatest diameter of eye, hairs much less abundant on mesosoma, only few breaking mesosomal outline in lateral view. Gaster with a few short hairs on dorsum of first segment; hairs denser and distinctly longer on ventral surfaces and towards gastral apex. White or silvery, rather diluted, appressed pubescence on head; denser patches on pronotal humeri, propodeal dorsum, metapleuron, coxae and petiole. Propodeal declivity bordered dorsally and laterally by longer and semierect silvery pubescence. Gastral pubescence rather diluted and silvery along posterior borders of tergites; more abundant and pale golden on dorsum of first gastral segment.

Black, tibiae and apical tarsal segments medium to light reddish-brown; funiculi progressively lighter towards apices, terminal segments light reddish-brown.

Type Material

HOLOTYPE: PAPUA NEW GUINEA, Umboi I., 1km N of Awelkom, 600m, 21-28.ii.1967, G. A. Samuelson (worker). Type distribution: unique holotype in Museum of Comparative Zoology.

Etymology

Named after the locality Umboi Island, situated just off the Huon Peninsula along the northeastern coast of Papua New Guinea.

References