Ponerini

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The tribe Ponerini belongs to the subfamily Ponerinae. For a list of genera contained within this tribe see Ponerini genera, for species see Ponerini species.

Synopsis


Tribe PONERINI
Ponerites Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 185. Type-genus: Ponera.
Taxonomic history
Ponerini as group name: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 185 [Ponérites].
Ponerini as tribe of Poneridae: Forel, 1895b: 111 [Poneri].Ponerini as tribe of Ponerinae: Forel, 1893a: 163 [Ponerii]; Emery, 1895j: 767 [Ponerii]; Forel, 1899c: 2 [Ponerii]; Emery, 1901a: 36 [Ponerii]; Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 135 [Ponerii]; Ashmead, 1905b: 382; Emery, 1911d: 54; Wheeler, W.M. 1915h: 27; Arnold, 1915: 36; Forel, 1917: 237; Gallardo, 1918b: 7; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 638, 646; all subsequent authors.


Junior synonyms of PONERINI


Odontomachidae Mayr, 1862: 708. Type-genus: Odontomachus.
Taxonomic history
Odontomachidae as subfamily of Formicidae: Mayr, 1862: 708 [Odontomachidae]; Mayr, 1865: 11 [Odontomachidae]; Clark, 1951: 15 (in key) [Odontomachinae].
Odontomachidae as family: Smith, F. 1871a: 319; Cresson, 1887: 93; Ashmead, 1905b: 382.
Odontomachidae as tribe of Ponerinae: Forel, 1893a: 163 [Odontomachii]; Forel, 1895b: 117 [Odontomachii]; Emery, 1895j: 768 [Odontomachii]; Forel, 1899c: 18 [Odontomachii]; Forel, 1900c: 57 [Odontomachii]; Emery, 1901a: 36 [Odontomachii]; Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 135 [Odontomachii]; Emery, 1911d: 106 [Odontomachini]; Forel, 1917: 238 [Odontomachini]; Gallardo, 1918b: 6 [Odontomachini]; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 636 [Odontomachini]; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 39 [Odontomachini]; Wilson, 1959a: 483 [Odontomachini]; Kusnezov, 1964: 53 [Odontomachini]; Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1976b: 51 [Odontomachini]; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1344 [Odontomachini]; Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1985: 256 [Odontomachini]; Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 78 [Odontomachini]; Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 11 [Odontomachini]; Jaffe, 1993: 8 [Odontomachini].
Odontomachidae as subtribe of Ponerini: Brown, 1976a: 71 [Odontomachiti].
Odontomachidae as junior synonym of Ponerini: Emery & Forel, 1879a: 455; Bolton, 1994: 164; Bolton, 1995b: 14; Bolton, 2003: 43, 158.


Leptogenysii Forel, 1893a: 162. Type-genus: Leptogenys.
Taxonomic history
Leptogenysii as tribe of Ponerinae: Forel, 1893a: 162; Emery, 1895j: 761 [Leptogenyi]; Forel, 1899c: 17 [Leptogenyi]; Emery, 1901a: 36 [Leptogenyi]; Ashmead, 1905b: 382 [Leptogenyini]; Emery, 1911d: 97 [Leptogenyini]; Arnold, 1915: 88 [Leptogenyini]; Forel, 1917: 238 [Leptogenyini]; Gallardo, 1918b: 6 [Leptogenyini]; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 636 [Leptogenyini]; Arnold, 1926: 209 [Leptogenyini]; Bernard, 1953b: 210 [Leptogenyini]; Kusnezov, 1964: 53 [Leptogenyini]; Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 78 [Leptogenyini].
Leptogenysii as junior synonym of Ponerini: Brown, 1963: 3; Bolton, 1994: 164; Bolton, 1995b: 12; Bolton, 2003: 43, 158.


Harpegnathii Forel, 1900c: 63. Type-genus: Harpegnathos.
Taxonomic history
Harpegnathii as tribe of Ponerinae: Forel, 1900c: 63.
Harpegnathii as subtribe of Ponerini: Emery, 1911d: 58 [Harpegnathini]; Forel, 1917: 237 [Harpegnathini].
Harpegnathii as junior synonym of Ponerini: Bolton, 1994: 164; Bolton, 2003: 43, 158.


Drepanognathini Ashmead, 1905b: 382. Type-genus: Drepanognathus (junior synonym of Harpegnathos).
Taxonomic history
Drepanognathini as tribe of Pachycondylinae: Ashmead, 1905b: 382.
Drepanognathini as junior synonym of Harpegnathini: Emery, 1911d: 58.Drepanognathini as junior synonym of Ponerini: Bolton, 1994: 164; Bolton, 2003: 43, 158.


Pachycondylinae Ashmead, 1905b: 382. Type-genus: Pachycondyla.
Taxonomic history
Pachycondylinae as subfamily of Poneridae: Ashmead, 1905b: 382.
Pachycondylinae as subtribe of Ponerini: Emery, 1911d: 59 [Pachycondylini]; Forel, 1917: 237 [Pachycondylini].
Pachycondylinae as junior synonym of Ponerini: Bolton, 1994: 164; Bolton, 2003: 43, 158.


Euponerinae Emery, 1909c: 355. Type-genus: Euponera (junior synonym of Pachycondyla).
Taxonomic history
Euponerinae as group of Ponerinae: Emery, 1909c: 355.
Euponerinae tribe of Ponerinae: Donisthorpe, 1943f: 626 [Euponerini].
Euponerinae as junior synonym of Ponerini: Bolton, 1994: 164; Bolton, 2003: 43, 158.


Centromyrmicini Emery, 1911d: 57. Type-genus: Centromyrmex.
Taxonomic history
Centromyrmicini as subtribe of Ponerini: Emery, 1911d: 57; Forel, 1917: 237.
Centromyrmicini as tribe of Ponerinae: Bernard, 1953b: 186.
Centromyrmicini as junior synonym of Ponerini: Brown, 1953c: 9; all subsequent authors.


Plectroctenini Emery, 1911d: 92. Type-genus: Plectroctena.
Taxonomic history
Plectroctenini as subtribe of Ponerini: Emery, 1911d: 92; Forel, 1917: 238.
Plectroctenini as junior synonym of Ponerini: Bolton, 1994: 164; Bolton, 2003: 43, 158.


Dorylozelini Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 646. Type-genus: Dorylozelus (junior synonym of Leptogenys).
Taxonomic history
Dorylozelini as tribe of Ponerinae: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 646.
Dorylozelini as junior synonym of Ponerini: Taylor, 1969: 132; all subsequent authors.


Pseudoneoponerini Chapman & Capco, 1951: 77 (attributed to Donisthorpe). Type-genus: Pseudoneoponera (junior synonym of Pachycondyla).
Taxonomic history
Pseudoneoponerini as tribe of Ponerinae: Chapman & Capco, 1951: 77.
Pseudoneoponerini as junior synoym of Ponerini: Bolton, 2003: 43, 159.


*Archiponerini Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 78. Type-genus: *Archiponera.
Taxonomic history
*Archiponerini as tribe of Ponerinae: Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 78.
*Archiponerini as junior synonym of Ponerini: Bolton, 1994: 164; Bolton, 2003: 43, 159.


Genera (extant) of Ponerini: Anochetus, Asphinctopone, Belonopelta, Boloponera, Centromyrmex, Diacamma, Dinoponera, Dolioponera, Emeryopone, Feroponera, Harpegnathos, Hypoponera, Leptogenys, Loboponera, Myopias, Odontomachus, Odontoponera, Pachycondyla, Phrynoponera, Plectroctena, Ponera, Promyopias, Psalidomyrmex, Simopelta, Streblognathus.


Genera (extinct) incertae sedis in Ponerini: *Archiponera, *Ponerites, *Poneropsis, *Protopone.


Tribe Ponerini references
Emery, 1895j: 767, 768 (Ponerini, Odontomachini diagnoses); Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 135 (diagnosis); Emery, 1911d: 54 (Ponerini diagnosis, subtribe & genera key); Emery, 1911d: 57, 58, 59, 87, 92 (subtribes Centromyrmicini, Harpegnathini, Pachycondylini, Ponerini & Plectroctenini, diagnoses); Emery, 1911d: 97, 106 (tribes Leptogenyini, Odontomachini, diagnoses); Arnold, 1915: 36 (South Africa genera key); Arnold, 1915: 88, 102 (Leptogenyini, Odontomachini diagnoses); Forel, 1917: 237 (synoptic classification); Gallardo, 1918b: 46 (Argentina, key); Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 632, 652, 653 (Ponerini, Leptogenyini & Odontomachini, genera keys); Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 762, 786, 790 (Afrotropical Ponerini, Leptogenyini & Odontomachini catalogues); Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 1007 (Malagasy Ponerini, Leptogenyini & Odontomachini catalogues); Brown, 1976a: 71, 96 (Odontomachiti diagnosis, genera key); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1976b: 50, 51 (Ponerini, Odontomachini larvae, review & synthesis); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 78 (synoptic classification); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 10 (synoptic classification); Brandão, 1991: 389 (Neotropical, synoptic classification); Bolton, 1994: 164 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a: 1042 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 15 (catalogue); Hölldobler, Obermayer & Peeters, 1996: 159 (metatibial gland); Bolton & Brown, 2002: 2 (Plectroctena genus group); Bolton, 2003: 43, 158 (diagnosis, synopsis).