Procryptocerus attenuatus

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Procryptocerus attenuatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Procryptocerus
Species: P. attenuatus
Binomial name
Procryptocerus attenuatus
(Smith, F., 1876)

Procryptocerus attenuatus casent0900224 p 1 high.jpg

Procryptocerus attenuatus casent0900224 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

This rarely-collected species occurs in the high canopy of lowland rainforest trees. Some collections have come from insecticidal fogging of the canopy (Luehea seemannii in Panama, the Erwin fogging program in Peru). Weber (1938) obtained the winged queen of P. guianensis from the stomach of Bufo marinus. An LACM specimen is a queen head capsule collected from the feces of a silky anteater (Cyclopes). The only known nest collection was by W. L. Brown, Jr., from near Manaus. The collection contains a dealate queen and a male. (Longino and Snelling 2002)

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Bolivia, Brazil (type locality), Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

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Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • attenuatus. Meranoplus attenuatus Smith, F. 1876d: 610, pl. 11, fig. 9 (q.) BRAZIL. Combination in Cataulacus: Mayr, 1886c: 364; in Procryptocerus: Emery, 1887b: 470. Subspecies of subpilosus: Forel, 1911e: 263; Kempf, 1951: 61. Revived status as species: Kempf, 1963c: 436. Senior synonym of puncticeps: Forel, 1911e: 263; of guianensis: Kempf, 1963c: 436. See also: Longino & Snelling, 2002: 6.
  • puncticeps. Meranoplus puncticeps Smith, F. 1876d: 610, pl. 11, fig. 10 (w.) BRAZIL. Combination in Cataulacus: Mayr, 1886c: 364; in Procryptocerus: Emery, 1887b: 470. Junior synonym of attenuatus: Forel, 1911e: 263.
  • guianensis. Procryptocerus goeldii subsp. guianensis Weber, 1938a: 208 (q.) GUYANA. Junior synonym of attenuatus: Kempf, 1963c: 436.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Longino and Snelling (2002) - (n = 1, Panama): HW 1.001 (range 1.001–1.069, n = 3), HL 0.939, SL 0.622, EL 0.257, MeL 1.203, MeW 0.706, PrW 0.539, PrL 0.273, PrS 0.196, PrT 0.469, MTL 0.615, PtL 0.379, PtW 0.349, PpW 0.505, PtH 0.292, AL 1.262, AW 1.073, ASW 0.023.

Head roughly circular in outline; frontal carina ends on the torulus, forming notch ventrally that receives inner basal projection of scape; face to vertex margin with evenly dispersed discrete foveae; interspaces subgranular with fine areolate etchings; clypeus at level of antennal insertions abruptly bent ventrad; upper margin of clypeus and entire clypeal bend longitudinally rugose, 10–12 rugae between antennal insertions; rugae diverge on lower portion of clypeus, leaving median unsculptured depression at lower margin; genae with closely spaced foveae; genal bridge longitudinally rugose; mandible with coarse longitudinal striae; in anterior view, eyes asymmetrically convex, skewed ventrad; scape flattened, as wide as or wider at base than at apex, lateral margins thickened, especially at base, such that cross-section roughly hourglass shaped; broad flat surface of scape finely areolate, lateral margin with coarse rugae; margin of vertex angulate but not carinate or crenate; vertex with some coarse striae radiating from the occiput, especially laterally, otherwise smooth and shiny.

In dorsal view, mesonotum with small lateral lobes usually with straight lateral margins parallel to the longitudinal body axis, posteriorly squared-off so that they are hardly tooth-like, ending at the anterior margin of the propodeal suture; occasionally subacute and slightly tooth-like; propodeal suture a broad, shallow trough; dorsal face of propodeum with anterolateral lobes distinct, evenly convex to subrectangular, with variably developed posterolateral angle; pronotum foveate rugose, rugae becoming somewhat more longitudinally parallel on mesonotum; propodeal suture with regular parallel striae which continue onto dorsal face of propodeum; posterior face of propodeum perpendicular to dorsal face, slightly concave; usually completely smooth and shining except for one or two transverse striae dorsally, between bases of propodeal spines (one specimen from Peru with longitudinal striae continuing from dorsal face onto posterior face); parallel longitudinal striae cover lateral pronotum, anepisternum, katepisternum, and lateral propodeum; those on pronotum and anepisternum usually larger than those on katepisternum and propodeum; coxae striate; hind femur strongly swollen medially, spindle-shaped; posterior surface of forefemur faintly obliquely striate (of variable strength); remaining femur surfaces smooth.

Ventral margin of petiole concave to nearly flat, ending anteriorly in a variably developed, blunt, right-angled tooth; anterodorsal face of petiole longitudinally striate, irregularly reticulate-rugose, transversely striate, or nearly smooth; posterodorsal face reticulate-rugose; postpetiole with a long, gently sloping anterior face, a broad, rounded summit near the posterior margin, and a steeply sloping posterior face; ventral margin of postpetiole short, with a prominent, acute anterior tooth; anterior face of postpetiole longitudinally striate, posterior face reticulate-rugose; anterior portion of first gastral tergite with largely straight and parallel, occasionally anastomosing striae; striae fade to finely areolate microsculpture and widely dispersed, very small puncta at approximately half AL, areolate microsculpture gradually fades posteriorly (specimens from Rondonia and Peru with somewhat sharper, nonanastomosing striae and generally shinier surface); anterolateral portion of first gastral sternite with fine, longitudinal striae, these fading medially and posteriorly; remainder of sternite smooth and shiny with uniformly distributed, sparse puncta; second gastral tergite nearly smooth medially, with faint, finely areolate microsculpture becoming stronger laterally.

Specimens from Central America and central to eastern Amazonia with 0–4 stiff setae on disc of face; 0.09–0.11 mm long; sparse stiff setae on mesosomal dorsum, to 0.09 mm; stouter setae on petiole and postpetiole, to 0.18 mm; first gastral tergite with 0–4 stiff erect setae, to 0.10 mm long, and sparse, very short, appressed pubescence emanating from puncta; specimens from Rondonia and Peru with setae relatively longer, more abundant, and more flexuous, especially on anterior portion of first gastral tergite; color shining black, with appendages gradually fading to dark brown distally.

Queen

Longino and Snelling (2002) - (n = 1, Panama): HW 1.07, HL 1.06, SL 0.62, EL 0.27, MeL 1.53, MeW 0.90, MTL 0.71, AL 1.56, AW 1.18.

Similar to worker in most respects; pronotum, mesoscutum, axillae, and scutellum coarsely foveate, with a few irregular rugae on scutellum and extending onto axillae; propodeum essentially as in worker.

Type Material

Longino and Snelling (2002) - Holotype queen: Brazil, Para The Natural History Museum] (examined).

References

  • Emery, C. 1887h. Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza. Formiche della regione Indo-Malese e dell'Australia (continuazione e fine). [concl.]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 25[=(2)(5): 465-473 (page 470, Combination in Procryptocerus)
  • Forel, A. 1911g. Die Ameisen des K. Zoologischen Museums in München. Sitzungsber. Math.-Phys. Kl. K. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. Münch. 11: 249-303 (page 263, Subspecies of subpilosus, Senior synonym of puncticeps)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Rev. Entomol. (Rio J.) 22: 1-244 (page 61, Subspecies of subpilosus)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1963c. Nota sinonímica acêrca de formigas da tribo Cephalotini (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 23: 435-438 (page 436, Revived status as species, Senior synonym of guianensis)
  • Longino, J.T. and Snelling, R.R. 2002. A taxonomic revision of the Procryptocerus of Central America. Contributions in Science. 495:1-30. PDF
  • Mayr, G. 1886c. Notizen über die Formiciden-Sammlung des British Museum in London. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 36: 353-368 (page 364, Combination in Cataulacus)
  • Smith, F. 1876d. Descriptions of new species of Cryptoceridae, belonging to the genera Cryptocerus, Meranoplus, and Cataulacus. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 1876: 603-612 (page 610, pl. 11, fig. 9 queen described)