Protaneuretus

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Protaneuretus
Temporal range: Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene
Baltic amber, Baltic Sea region
Protaneuretus succineus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Aneuretinae
Genus: Protaneuretus
Wheeler, W.M., 1915
Type species
Protaneuretus succineus
Diversity
1 fossil species
(Species Checklist)

Identification

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • PROTANEURETUS [Aneuretinae]
    • Protaneuretus Wheeler, W.M. 1915h: 71. Type-species: †Protaneuretus succineus, by monotypy.
    • [†Protaneuretus Wheeler, W.M. 1908g: 413, Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 148 and Emery, 1913a: 2; nomina nuda.]


References

  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 15, Protaneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 44, Protaneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 80, Protaneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. (page 78, Protaneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943g. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [part]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 617-688 (page 688, Protaneuretus in Dolichoderinae, Aneuretini)
  • Emery, C. 1913a [1912]. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dolichoderinae. Genera Insectorum 137: 1-50 (page 2, nomen nudum)
  • Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. (page 17, Protaneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Shattuck, S. O. 1994. Taxonomic catalog of the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae and Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol. 112:i-xix, 1-241. (page 2, Protaneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Snelling, R. R. 1981. Systematics of social Hymenoptera. Pp. 369-453 in: Hermann, H. R. (ed.) Social insects. Volume 2. New York: Academic Press, xiii + 491 pp. (page 400, Protaneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1908k. Comparative ethology of the European and North American ants. J. Psychol. Neurol. 13: 404-435 (page 413, nomen nudum)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1910b. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. (page 148, nomen nudum)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1915i [1914]. The ants of the Baltic Amber. Schr. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. Königsb. 55: 1-142 (page 71, Protaneuretus as genus; Protaneuretus in Dolichoderinae, Aneuretini)
  • Wilson, E. O.; Eisner, T.; Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1956. Aneuretus simoni Emery, a major link in ant evolution. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 115: 81-99 (page 93, Protaneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini (footnote))